In the treatment of incontinence dermatitis, a skin protectant primarily prevents skin breakdown due to moisture and biological irritants in urine and feces. To assess the barrier and skin hydration properties of six currently available skin protectants with different formulations, a controlled, three-phase study was conducted at a research facility in the UK among 18 healthy volunteers. The study addressed each product's efficacy against insult from a known irritant (sodium lauryl sulphate), skin hydration potential, and maintenance of skin barrier and barrier efficacy against maceration. Using white petrolatum (glycerin) as the positive control and untreated sites as the negative control, the results show that each one of the products tested has different performance properties. Products containing petrolatum demonstrated protection against irritants (P = 0.006 at 24 hours) and maceration (P < 0.005) and provided some skin hydration. Products containing dimethicone varied in protection against irritants (P < 0.005, or P > or = 0.806 at 24 hours) and have good skin hydration potential and low barrier efficacy (P > 0.500). Zinc oxide-based products showed protection against irritants (P < 0.005) but poor skin hydration and barrier properties to prevent maceration (P = 0.262). Overall, only the water-in-oil petrolatum- based product performed effectively within all the parameters tested. This study suggests that skin barrier protection involves more than the inclusion of an active barrier ingredient. Further testing and use of barrier products in the clinical setting will provide additional evidence for appropriate product selection.
"In a US study by Hoggarth et al (2005) the efficacy of six skin protectants was tested against a known skin irritant (sodium lauryl sulphate). Each phase of the study involved the participation of a minimum of 15 healthy individuals. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intact skin provides a protective barrier between the body and its environment. The frequent application and removal of stoma appliances can damage skin by stripping away the epidermal layer. Hydrocolloid flanges in either a one- or two-piece appliance hold moisture in the mass and are therefore more skin friendly than older appliances with acrylic adhesives, making hydrocolloid the choice for ostomy appliance manufacturers. Peristomal skin problems are a significant problem for the stoma patient. As many as one third of colostomy patients and more than two thirds of ileostomy and urostomy patients will be affected (Lyons and Smith, 2003). The correct and judicial use of barrier creams, gels, lotions, sprays and wipes in peristomal skin care can play an important role in giving the stoma patient a good quality of life.
British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing) 09/2007; 16(17):1048, 1050, 1052-4 passim. DOI:10.12968/bjon.2007.16.17.27249
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Topical agents include anything that touches the infant's skin. The skin is crucial to the way the infant perceives and responds to the care environment and, therefore, in neurodevelopment. Psychological stress negatively affects the barrier. The full-term infant has well-developed epidermal barrier despite spending 9 months being submerged in water. Vernix caseosa is a natural topical agent that facilitates stratum corneum barrier development through protective and adaptive mechanisms. Its properties include hydration, wound healing, antiinfection, and acid mantle development. The ontogeny of neonatal skin development and vernix biology provide the basis for assisting barrier maturation in premature infants, treating compromised skin and selecting topical agents. The published research on the effects of topical products on premature and damaged neonatal skin is very limited, especially for adequately sized randomized controlled clinical trials. Health care providers have keen interest and the skills to identify improved treatments through outcomes-based research.
Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews 03/2009; 9(1):31-47. DOI:10.1053/j.nainr.2008.12.010
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.