Evaluation of the natural killer cytotoxicity and the levels of cytokines in rats with type I diabetes mellitus
ABSTRACT Type I diabetes mellitus (insulin-dependent DM = IDDM) is a chronic disease characterized by specific destruction of pancreatic beta cells, resulting in an absolute lack of insulin. Immune mechanisms, genetic susceptibility, and environmental factors are all implicated in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. This study was aimed at determining the efficiency of cytokines, natural killer (NK) cells in the pathophysiology of IDDM. Therefore, we evaluated the plasma levels of cytokines by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the cytotoxicity activity of NK cells by anti-candididal index in rats with type I diabetes. We found that the cytotoxicity activity of NK cells in IDDM groups significantly decreased compared to the control groups. The levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in IDDM groups were slightly higher than in healthy controls. These results indicate that the changes of T H1 type cytokines such as IFN-gamma and NK cell activity can play a role in the etiology of IDDM. The data may provide new strategies for the treatment of IDDM.
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ABSTRACT: Natural killer (NK) cells are essential members of innate immunity and they rapidly respond to a variety of insults via cytokine secretion and cytolytic activity. Effector functions of NK cells form an important first line of innate immunity against viral, bacterial and parasitic infections, as well as an important bridge for the activation of adaptive immune responses. The control of NK-cell activation and killing is now understood to be a highly complex system of diverse inhibitory and activatory receptor-ligand interactions, sensing changes in MHC expression. NK cells have a functional role in innate immunity as the primary source of NK-cell-derived immunoregulatory cytokines, which have been identified in target organs of patients suffering from autoimmune diseases, and play a critical role in early defense against infectious agents. This review focuses on recent research of NK cells, summarizing their potential immunoregulatory role in modulating autoimmunity and infectious diseases.Expert Review of Clinical Immunology 07/2009; 5(4):405-20. DOI:10.1586/eci.09.27 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) is ubiquitous for almost all individuals living in industrialized countries. Epidemiological and laboratory studies suggest that exposure to Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) EMF increase cancer risk. The immune system functions as one of the body's main protective mechanisms, and Natural Killer (NK) cells are a subset of lymphocytes that can destroy several types of tumor cells. In this study, we investigated, NK cell activity after exposure to a 50 Hertz (Hz), 2 mT magnetic field generated by a Helmholtz Coil. Nineteen male, 10-12 week old guinea pigs were used, and NK cytotoxic activity of splenocytes was measured in vitro by natural anticandidial colorimetric index. The Mann-Whitney U test was applied for statistical analysis. NK cell cytotoxic activity was decreased in exposed compared to controls. Our data suggests that part of the immune system, the NK cell, can be suppressed by a 50 Hz magnetic field.Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 02/2006; 25(2):79-85. DOI:10.1080/15368370600697453 · 0.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted with the purpose of researching the effect of lycopene application on lipoprotein, paraoxonase (PON) and cytokines that are projected to be used in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes by making experimental diabetes. At the end of a 1-month trial period, under ether anesthesia with jelly tubes, blood samples were taken from rat hearts. Blood samples were centrifuged and serum was obtained. From the serum samples, HbA1c, paraoxonase activity, lipoprotein levels and cytokines were determined. HbA1c levels and PON activity were found to be p < 0.001. At the triglyceride level, with regard to the control group, in all the groups a significant rise occurred (p ≤ 0.001). At the cholesterol level, with regard to the control group, a decline was observed in the other groups (p < 0.05). At the VLDL level, with regard to the control group, a significant rise was observed in the other groups (p < 0.05). At the HDL (p < 0.001) and LDL (p < 0.05) levels, with regard to the control group, a significant decline was observed in the other groups. At the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 levels no difference was found (p > 0.05). Experimental diabetes models have an important place in analyzing diabetes complications and determining treatment approaches.Journal of Membrane Biology 06/2013; 246(8). DOI:10.1007/s00232-013-9575-2 · 2.17 Impact Factor