Increased myocardial oxygen consumption reduces cardiac efficiency in diabetic mice.
ABSTRACT Altered cardiac metabolism and function (diabetic cardiomyopathy) has been observed in diabetes. We hypothesize that cardiac efficiency, the ratio of cardiac work (pressure-volume area [PVA]) and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVo(2)), is reduced in diabetic hearts. Experiments used ex vivo working hearts from control db/+, db/db (type 2 diabetes), and db/+ mice given streptozotocin (STZ; type 1 diabetes). PVA and ventricular function were assessed with a 1.4-F pressure-volume catheter at low (0.3 mmol/l) and high (1.4 mmol/l) fatty acid concentrations with simultaneous measurements of MVo(2). Substrate oxidation and mitochondrial respiration were measured in separate experiments. Diabetic hearts showed decreased cardiac efficiency, revealed as an 86 and 57% increase in unloaded MVo(2) in db/db and STZ-administered hearts, respectively. The slope of the PVA-MVo(2) regression line was increased for db/db hearts after elevation of fatty acids, suggesting that contractile inefficiency could also contribute to the overall reduction in cardiac efficiency. The end-diastolic and end-systolic pressure-volume relationships in db/db hearts were shifted to the left with elevated end-diastolic pressure, suggesting left ventricular remodeling and/or myocardial stiffness. Thus, by means of pressure-volume technology, we have for the first time documented decreased cardiac efficiency in diabetic hearts caused by oxygen waste for noncontractile purposes.
02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-834-2
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ABSTRACT: Using fatty acids (FAs) exclusively for ATP generation was reported to contribute to the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. We studied the role of substrate metabolism related genes in the heart of the diabetes to find out a novel therapeutic target for diabetic cardiomyopathy. By microarray analysis of metabolic gene expression, acyl-CoA thioesterase 1 (acot1) was clearly upregulated in the myocardia of db/db mice, compared with normal control C57BL/Ks. Therefore, gain-of-function and loss-of-function approaches were employed in db/db mice to investigate the functions of ACOT1 in oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and heart function. We found that in the hearts of db/db mice which overexpressed ACOT1, H(2)O(2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were reduced, the activities of ATPases in mitochondria associated with mitochondrial function were promoted, the expression of uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) contributing to oxygen wastage for noncontractile purposes was decreased, and cardiac dysfunction was attenuated, as determined by both hemodynamic and echocardiographic detections. Consistently, ACOT1 deficiency had opposite effects, which accelerated the cardiac damage induced by diabetes. Notably, by real-time PCR, we found that overexpression of ACOT1 in diabetic heart repressed the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha/PPARγ coactivator 1α (PPARα/PGC1α) signaling, as shown by decreased expression of PGC1α and the downstream genes involved in FAs use. Our results demonstrated that ACOT1 played a crucial protective role in diabetic heart via PPARα/PGC1α signaling.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(11):e50376. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Potentiation of abnormalities in myocardial metabolism with the development of diabetes in women with obesity and insulin resistance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Because studies in animal models of type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) show that excessive myocardial fatty acid (FA) metabolism (at the expense of glucose metabolism) cause cardiac dysfunction, we hypothesized that women with DM would have more FA and less glucose myocardial metabolism than normal or even obese (OB) women. Women who were lean volunteers (NV) (N = 14; age 35 ± 17 years, body mass index 23 ± 1 kg/m(2)), OB (N = 28;31 ± 6 years, BMI 39 ± 7 kg/m2), and DM (n = 22; 54 ± 11 years, BMI 38 ± 5 kg/m2) were studied. Cardiac positron emission tomography was performed for the determination of myocardial blood flow, oxygen consumption, FA and glucose metabolism. Cardiac work was measured by echocardiography and efficiency by the ratio of work to myocardial oxygen consumption. Fractional glucose uptake was comparable between NV and OB but lower in DM (P < .05 versus NV). Myocardial FA utilization and oxidation were both higher in DM compared with NV and OB (P < .0001). Myocardial FA utilization and oxidation had positive correlations with HOMA (R = 0.35, P = .005 and R = 0.40, P = .001, respectively) whereas fractional glucose uptake exhibited an inverse correlation (R = -.31, P = .01). Cardiac work and efficiency were similar among the three groups. In women, the presence of OB and DM compared with OB alone is associated with a greater reliance on myocardial FA metabolism at the expense of glucose metabolism. These perturbations in myocardial metabolism are not associated in a decline left ventricular efficiency or function suggesting that the metabolic perturbations may precede an eventual decline left ventricular function as is seen in animal models of DM.Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 05/2011; 18(3):421-9; quiz 432-3. · 2.67 Impact Factor