Virally-directed fluorescent imaging (VFI) can facilitate endoscopic staging.
ABSTRACT Replication-competent, tumor specific herpes simplex virus NV1066 expresses green fluorescent protein (GFP) in infected cancer cells. We sought to determine the feasibility of GFP-guided imaging technology in the intraoperative detection of small tumor nodules.
Human cancer cell lines were infected with NV1066 at multiplicities of infection of 0.01, 0.1 and 1. Cancer cell specific infectivity, vector spread and GFP signal intensity were measured by flow cytometry and time-lapse digital imaging (in vitro); and by use of a stereomicroscope and endoscope equipped with a fluorescent filter (in vivo).
NV1066 infected all cancer cell lines and expressed GFP at all MOIs. GFP signal was significantly higher than the autofluorescence of normal cells. One single dose of NV1066 spread within and across body cavities and selectively infected tumor nodules sparing normal tissue. Tumor nodules undetectable by conventional thoracoscopy and laparoscopy were identified by GFP fluorescence.
Virally-directed fluorescent imaging (VFI) is a real-time novel molecular imaging technology that has the potential to enhance the intraoperative detection of endoluminal or endocavitary tumor nodules.
Article: The role of staging laparoscopy in hepatobiliary malignancy: prospective analysis of 401 cases.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with potentially resectable hepatobiliary malignancy are frequently found to have unresectable tumors at laparotomy. We prospectively evaluated staging laparoscopy in patients with resectable disease on preoperative imaging. Staging laparoscopy was performed on 410 patients with potentially resectable hepatobiliary malignancy. The preoperative likelihood of resectability was recorded. Data on preoperative imaging, operative findings, and hospital course were analyzed. Laparoscopic inspection was complete in 291 (73%) patients. In total, 153 patients (38%) had unresectable disease, 84 of whom were identified laparoscopically, increasing resectability from 62% to 78%. On multivariate analysis, a complete examination, preoperative likelihood of resection, and primary diagnosis were significant predictors of identifying unresectable disease at laparoscopy. The highest yield was for biliary cancers, and the lowest was for metastatic colorectal cancer. In patients with unresectable disease identified at laparoscopy, the mean hospital stay was 3 days, and postoperative morbidity was 9%, compared with 8 days and 27%, respectively, in patients found to have unresectable disease at laparotomy. Laparoscopy spared one in five patients a laparotomy while reducing hospital stay and morbidity. Targeting laparoscopy to patients at high risk for unresectable disease requires consideration of disease-specific factors; however, the surgeons' preoperative impression of resectability is also important.Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2003; 10(2):183-9. · 4.17 Impact Factor
Article: [Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of a peritoneal carcinosis. Conventional techniques, sonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance tomography].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Based upon the results obtained in 346 patients, the diagnostic value of conventional techniques, ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the detection of peritoneal tumor spread is analyzed. Since such signs as ascites, mesenteric and omental infiltration and peritoneal masses are non-specific, various conditions have to be considered in the differential diagnosis. None of the imaging modalities can exclude intraperitoneal tumor spread.Der Radiologe 11/1990; 30(10):477-80. · 0.61 Impact Factor
Article: Effective treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma by an oncolytic herpes simplex virus.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with advanced or recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma remains poor despite refinements in multimodality therapies. This study evaluates the efficacy of a replication-competent, attenuated, oncolytic herpes simplex virus, NV1020, as a novel agent in the treatment of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Five different HNSCC lines were exposed to NV1020 in vitro at varying viral concentrations. The ability of the virus to lyse and replicate within these cancer cells in vitro was determined by cytotoxicity assay and plaque assay, respectively. Three HNSCC lines were grown in the subcutaneous flanks of athymic nude mice and treated with an intratumoral injection of NV1020 or saline as a control. Tumor dimensions were subsequently measured at serial time points and tumor volumes were calculated. Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 immunohistochemistry was performed on excised tumors to determine the efficacy of in vivo tumor infection by NV1020. NV1020 was highly cytotoxic in vitro to all five human HNSCC lines at a concentration of one infectious viral particle per cancer cell, and had variable cytotoxicity at a 100-fold lower concentration. Viral replication in vitro by NV1020 was efficient in four of five HNSCC lines with a greater than 200-fold increase in viral titers. Flank tumors treated with intratumoral injections of NV1020 resulted in significant regression of all tested HNSCC lines. HSV-1 immunohistochemistry of excised flank tumors treated with NV1020 demonstrated positive cytoplasmic staining and areas of tumor necrosis at 24 hours after injection. NV1020 is an oncolytic HSV that displays efficient replication and oncolysis in human HNSCC lines in vitro. Injection of NV1020 into murine flank tumors demonstrated effective tumor regression. Treatment of HNSCC with NV1020 is a promising form of therapy with potential clinical applicability in humans.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 08/2001; 193(1):12-21. · 4.55 Impact Factor