Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mediates the inhibitory effects of hyaluronan on interleukin-1beta-induced matrix metalloproteinase production in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts via down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38.
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), it is well known that rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts (RSF) produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) when stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), which causes joint destruction. We have previously shown that hyaluronan (HA) inhibits IL-1beta actions in RSF via CD44, the principal HA receptor. However, CD44 mediates HA effects only partially, and intracellular events after the HA binding to its receptors remain unclear. We investigated the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), another cell surface receptor for HA, and the intracellular signalling pathways in the actions of HA.
RSF were isolated from rheumatoid synovial tissues by enzymatic digestion and cultured in monolayers. The confluent cells were incubated for 48 h with IL-1beta, IL-1beta in the presence of HA, or IL-1beta in the presence of HA with pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody. Secretion of MMP-1 and MMP-3 was analysed by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Immunofluorescence cytochemistry was also performed to evaluate binding of HA to ICAM-1. The phosphorylation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was analysed by immunoblotting.
Production of MMP-1 and MMP-3 by RSF was stimulated by IL-1beta. HA at > or =2 mg/ml significantly inhibited MMP production induced by IL-1beta in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody at 50 mug/ml significantly blocked the effects of HA on the actions of IL-1beta on RSF, as shown by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Another immunofluorescence cytochemistry study demonstrated that HA bound RSF via ICAM-1. Inhibition studies revealed the requirement of NF-kappaB, p38 and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) for IL-1beta-induced MMP production. IL-1beta activated all three pathways, whereas HA down-regulated their phosphorylation. Pretreatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody reversed the inhibitory effects of HA on the activation of NF-kappaB and p38 without affecting JNK.
HA suppresses IL-1beta-enhanced MMP-1 and MMP-3 synthesis in RSF via ICAM-1 through down-regulation of NF-kappaB and p38. Intra-articular injection of HA of high molecular weight may work through such a mechanism in RA joints.
"For example, pro-inflammatory cytokine such as interleukin (IL)-1␤ is produced by activated synoviocytes and articular chondrocytes. IL- 1␤ activates cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), and increases expression of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-13 from normal articular human chondrocytes (Fan, Yang, Bau, Soder, & Aigner, 2006; Hiramitsu et al., 2006). Its signal transduction utilizes three classical mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways: p38, extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK), and Jun terminal kinase (JNK) (Saklatvala, 2007). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The carbohydrate polymer, hyaluronan, is a major component of the extracellular matrix in animal tissues. Exogenous hyaluronan has been used to treat osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative joint disease involving inflammatory changes. The underlying mechanisms of hyaluronan in OA are not fully understood. Pro-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-1β downregulates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), and increases expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which are responsible for the degeneration of articular cartilage. The effects of low- and high-molecular-weight hyaluronan (oligo-HA and HMW-HA) on the inflammatory genes were determined in human SW-1353 chondrosarcoma cells. HMW-HA antagonized the effects of IL-1β by increasing PPARγ and decreasing cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, MMP-1, and MMP-13 levels. It promoted Akt, but suppressed mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) signaling, indicating anti-inflammatory effects. In contrast, the cells had overall opposite responses to oligo-HA. In conclusion, HMW-HA and oligo-HA exerted differential inflammatory responses via PPARγ in IL-1β-treated chondrosarcoma cells.
"VEGF induces capillary formation and is involved in the inflammatory process, while CTGF stimulates MMP-3 and cellular matrix degradation.[60–63] HA also inhibits IL-1β preventing MMP-1 and MMP-9 release, and it increases the cartilage catabolism of the joint.[43–45,62] "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis (OA), also called degenerative joint disease, is the most frequently occurring chronic musculoskeletal disease, particularly affecting the aging population. The use of viscosupplementation, i.e. intra-articular (IA) hyaluronic acid (HA) drug therapy, to treat OA, is growing worldwide, due to important results obtained from several clinical trials, which reported IA HA-related improvements in functional activity and pain management. This review is an update of the IA use of this compound in the treatment of OA, with clinical evidence from the last few years being discussed and used to delineate new trends for the future.
"Chondroitin sulphate in atherosclerosis G Herrero-Beaumont et al Rafi et al., 2007). Similarly, heparin and hyaluronan also exert significant anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting NF-kB activation in human monocytes and synovial fibroblasts (Hiramitsu et al., 2006; Hochart et al., 2006). Accordingly , CS treatment may decrease the expression of COX-2 and CCL2 not only in PBMC but also in the injured femoral artery due to the local inhibition of NF-kB activation. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Among the agents employed to manage osteoarthritis, chondroitin sulphate (CS) is a natural glycosaminoglycan with an anti-inflammatory effect on joint cells. CS might also influence the inflammatory component of atherosclerosis. Our aim was to examine the effect of CS administration on vascular injury and on markers of systemic inflammation in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis aggravated by systemic inflammation provoked by chronic antigen-induced arthritis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Atherosclerosis was induced in rabbits by maintaining them on a hyperlipidaemic diet after producing an endothelial lesion in the femoral arteries. Simultaneously, chronic arthritis was induced in these animals by repeated intraarticular injections of ovalbumin in previously immunized rabbits. A group of these rabbits were treated prophylactically with CS (100 mg kg(-1)day(-1)) and when the animals were killed, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated. Furthermore, femoral arteries and thoracic aorta were used for gene expression studies and histological examination. Key results:CS administration reduced the concentration of the proinflammatory molecules C-reactive protein and IL-6 in serum. Likewise, CS inhibited the expression of CCL2/monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in PBMC, and reduced the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappaB. In the femoral lesion, CS also diminished the expression of CCL2 and COX-2, as well as the ratio of the intima/media thickness. Moreover, CS decreased the percentage of rabbits with atherosclerosis and chronic arthritis that developed vascular lesions in the aorta. Conclusions and implications:These findings suggest that CS treatment may to some extent impede the progression of atherosclerosis.
British Journal of Pharmacology 07/2008; 154(4):843-51. DOI:10.1038/bjp.2008.113 · 4.84 Impact Factor
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