Associations between hospital and surgeon procedure volumes and patient outcomes after ovarian cancer resection.
ABSTRACT Strong associations between provider (i.e., hospital or surgeon) procedure volumes and patient outcomes have been demonstrated for many types of cancer operation. We performed a population-based cohort study to examine these associations for ovarian cancer resections.
We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database to identify 2952 patients aged 65 years or older who had surgery for a primary ovarian cancer diagnosed from 1992 through 1999. Hospital- and surgeon-specific procedure volumes were ascertained based on the number of claims submitted during the 8-year study period. Primary outcome measures were mortality at 60 days and 2 years after surgery, and overall survival. Length of hospital stay was also examined. Patient age at diagnosis, race, marital status, comorbid illness, cancer stage, and median income and population density in the area of residence were used to adjust for differences in case mix. All P values are two-sided.
Neither hospital- nor surgeon-specific procedure volume was statistically significantly associated with 60-day mortality following primary ovarian cancer resection. However, differences by hospital volume were seen with 2-year mortality; patients treated at the low-, intermediate-, and high-volume hospitals had 2-year mortality rates of 45.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 42.1% to 48.4%), 41.1% (95% CI = 38.1% to 44.3%), and 40.4% (95% CI = 37.4% to 43.4%), respectively. The inverse association between hospital procedure volume and 2-year mortality was statistically significant both before (P = .011) and after (P = .006) case-mix adjustment but not after adjustment for surgeon volume. Two-year mortality for patients treated by low-, intermediate-, and high-volume surgeons was 43.2% (95% CI = 40.7% to 45.8%), 42.9% (95% CI = 39.5% to 46.4%), and 39.5% (95% CI = 36.0% to 43.2%), respectively; there was no association between 2-year mortality and surgeon procedure volume, with or without case-mix adjustment. After case-mix adjustment, neither hospital volume (P = .031) nor surgeon volume (P = .062) was strongly associated with overall survival.
Hospital- and surgeon-specific procedure volumes are not strong predictors of survival outcomes following surgery for ovarian cancer among women aged 65 years or older.
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ABSTRACT: To estimate the association between obstetric forceps volume and severe perineal lacerations or adverse neonatal outcomes. This is a retrospective cohort of forceps deliveries performed at a tertiary care hospital. Obstetricians were grouped by quartile of forceps volume over the study time period. Severe (third- or fourth-degree) perineal lacerations and adverse neonatal outcomes were compared across quartiles. Individual patient characteristics were controlled for using multilevel multivariable analysis. This study had 90% power to detect a twofold difference in severe perineal lacerations between the first and fourth quartiles. Additional analyses were performed using physician years in practice or year of residency of the involved resident physicians. One hundred eighteen attending physicians (2,369 forceps deliveries) were included. The median (interquartile range) annual number of forceps per quartile was 1.3 (1.0-1.8), 3.8 (3.0-4.3), 6.3 (5.5-6.8), and 11.5 (9.8-17.3). The frequency of severe perineal lacerations from lowest to highest quartile was 29.9%, 27.5%, 33.3%, and 36.9% (P=.013). After adjusting for confounders, the relationship between volume quartile and severe perineal lacerations became nonsignificant. Although not powered to this outcome, the frequency of composite adverse neonatal outcome was not associated with volume quartile in either bivariate or multivariable analysis. Similarly, neither physician years of practice nor resident year was associated with severe perineal laceration. However, more experience as a resident was associated with a reduced odds of composite adverse neonatal outcomes. After controlling for patient factors, neither attending forceps volume nor physician years in practice was associated with severe perineal lacerations or composite neonatal injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: II.Obstetrics and Gynecology 01/2014; DOI:10.1097/AOG.0000000000000096 · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background. Intraperitoneal combined with intravenous chemotherapy (IV/IP) for primary treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer results in a substantial survival advantage for women who are optimally debulked surgically, compared with standard IV only therapy (IV). Little is known about the use of this therapy in the Medicare population. Methods. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database to identify 4665 women aged 66 and older with epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 2005-2009, with their Medicare claims. We defined receipt of any IV/IP chemotherapy when there was claims evidence of any receipt of such treatment within 12 months of the date of diagnosis. We used descriptive statistics to examine factors associated with treatment and health services use. Results. Among 3561 women with Stage III or IV epithelial ovarian cancer who received any chemotherapy, only 124 (3.5%) received IV/IP chemotherapy. The use of IV/IP chemotherapy did not increase over the period of the study. In this cohort, younger women, those with fewer comorbidities, whites, and those living in Census tracts with higher income were more likely to receive IV/IP chemotherapy. Among women who received any IV/IP chemotherapy, we did not find an increase in acute care services (hospitalizations, emergency department visits, or ICU stays). Conclusion. During the period between 2005 and 2009, few women in the Medicare population living within observed SEER areas received IV/IP chemotherapy, and the use of this therapy did not increase. We observed marked racial and sociodemographic differences in access to this therapy.Gynecologic Oncology 06/2014; 134(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.06.011 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Video-assisted thorcacic surgery (VATS) is considered an alternative to open lobectomy for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Limited data are available, however, regarding the equivalence of open versus VATS segmental resections, particularly among elderly patients. From the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database we identified 577 stage I NSCLC patients aged more than 65 years treated with VATS or open segmentectomy. We used propensity score methods to control for differences in the baseline characteristics of patients treated with VATS versus open segmentectomy. Outcomes included perioperative complications, need for intensive care unit, extended hospital stay, perioperative mortality, and survival. Overall, 27% of patients underwent VATS. VATS-treated patients had lower rates of postoperative complications (odds ratio [OR]: 0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.37-0.83), intensive care unit admissions (OR: 0.18, 95% CI: 0.12-0.28), and decreased length of stay (OR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.21-0.81) after adjusting for propensity scores. Postoperative outcomes were not significantly different across groups after adjusting for surgeon characteristics. Overall (hazard ratio: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.60-1.06) and lung cancer-specific (hazard ratio: 0.71, 95% CI: 0.45-1.12) survival was similar across groups. VATS segmentectomy can be safely performed among elderly NSCLC patients and is associated with equivalent postoperative and oncologic outcomes.Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 02/2014; DOI:10.1097/JTO.0000000000000083 · 5.80 Impact Factor