A survey of factors affecting clinician acceptance of clinical decision support
ABSTRACT Real-time clinical decision support (CDS) integrated into clinicians' workflow has the potential to profoundly affect the cost, quality, and safety of health care delivery. Recent reports have identified a surprisingly low acceptance rate for different types of CDS. We hypothesized that factors affecting CDS system acceptance could be categorized as relating to differences in patients, physicians, CDS-type, or environmental characteristics.
We conducted a survey of all adult primary care physicians (PCPs, n = 225) within our group model Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) to identify factors that affect their acceptance of CDS. We defined clinical decision support broadly as "clinical information" that is either provided to you or accessible by you, from the clinical workstation (e.g., enhanced flow sheet displays, health maintenance reminders, alternative medication suggestions, order sets, alerts, and access to any internet-based information resources).
110 surveys were returned (49%). There were no differences in the age, gender, or years of service between those who returned the survey and the entire adult PCP population. Overall, clinicians stated that the CDS provided "helps them take better care of their patients" (3.6 on scale of 1:Never-5:Always), "is worth the time it takes" (3.5), and "reminds them of something they've forgotten" (3.2). There was no difference in the perceived acceptance rate of alerts based on their type (i.e., cost, safety, health maintenance). When asked about specific patient characteristics that would make the clinicians "more", "equally" or "less" likely to accept alerts: 41% stated that they were more (8% stated "less") likely to accept alerts on elderly patients (> 65 yrs); 38% were more (14% stated less) likely to accept alerts on patients with more than 5 current medications; and 38% were more (20% stated less) likely to accept alerts on patients with more than 5 chronic clinical conditions. Interestingly, 80% said they were less likely to accept alerts when they were behind schedule and 84% of clinicians admitted to being at least 20 minutes behind schedule "some", "most", or "all of the time".
Even though a majority of our clinical decision support suggestions are not explicitly followed, clinicians feel they are of benefit and would be even more beneficial if they had more time available to address them.
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ABSTRACT: Study results demonstrating the effectiveness of order-entry clinical decision support (CDS) alerts as a tool for enforcing therapeutic interchange are presented. A retrospective observational study was conducted at an academic medical center to evaluate formulary nonadherence before and after implementation of a fully electronic medical record with computerized prescriber order-entry (CPOE) technology configured to display therapeutic interchange alerts immediately on entry of orders for nonformulary agents. Formulary nonadherence (defined as the proportion of pharmacist-verified nonformulary orders to total verified orders) within eight medication classes was assessed during a six-month baseline period and two consecutive six-month periods after implementation. In the 12 months after implementation of the therapeutic interchange alerts, the overall rate of formulary nonadherence decreased by 65%, from 3.5% at baseline to 1.2% during the second 6-month postintervention period (p < 0.001). The total number of verified nonformulary orders decreased from 300 at baseline to 102 during the second postintervention period. The largest decreases in formulary nonadherence were observed in the intranasal steroid drug class (the rate of nonadherent orders declined by a total of 12 percentage points) and the nonbarbiturate sedatives and hypnotics class (a 5-point decline), with significant 6- and 12-month declines also documented in four of the remaining six drug classes. The incorporation of hard-stop CDS alerts into the CPOE system improved the overall rate of prescriber adherence to institutional therapeutic interchange protocols. Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. All rights reserved.American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy 03/2015; 72(5):408-13. DOI:10.2146/ajhp140388 · 2.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate how prescribers and pharmacists use and perceive the drug-drug interaction database SFINX in their clinical work.International Journal of Medical Informatics 01/2015; 84(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2015.01.013 · 2.72 Impact Factor