Evaluation of the CombiChip Mycobacteria (TM) Drug-Resistance detection DNA chip for identifying mutations associated with resistance to isoniazid and rifampin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
ABSTRACT The CombiChip Mycobacteriatrade mark Drug-Resistance Detection DNA chip, recently developed by GeneIn (Pusan, South Korea), is an oligonucleotide microchip coupled with polymerase chain reaction for the detection of mutations associated with resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF). This oligonucleotide chip was compared with DNA sequencing and phenotypic drug susceptibility testing with 69 INH- and/or RIF-resistant and 27 all tested drug-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Two selected codons (the katG codon 315 and inhA15) allowed identification of 84.1% of INH-resistant isolates and 100% of RIF resistance were detected by screening for 7 codons: rpoB511, rpoB513, rpoB516, rpoB522, rpoB526, rpoB531, and rpoB533. The overall specificity of this oligonucleotide chip for detecting INH and RIF resistance were 100 and 95.3%, respectively. This level of sensitivity and specificity is concordant with that from the determination of M. tuberculosis drug resistance by DNA sequencing. This oligonucleotide chip is a rapid and reliable genotypic method capable of detecting multiple mutations associated with INH and RIF resistance simultaneously in a single microchip slide.
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ABSTRACT: Isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) are the most effective first line antibiotics against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mutations in several genes determine resistance of M. tuberculosis to INH, with the most common gene target of katG, and resistance to RIF is due to mutation in rpoB gene. The aim of present study was to assess the mutations in the regions related to RIF and INH resistance. We characterized 80 clinical isolates of confirmed M. tuberculosis to analyze the most commonly observed INH and RIF mutations. PCR analysis and sequencing were used to detect mutations related to RIF and INH resistance. The multiplex allele-specific-PCR (MAS-PCR) was performed as a comparative assay and for evaluation of this method. The sequencing of the 250-bp region of katG codon 315, revealed point mutations at 5 different codons in 13.7% of the M. tuberculosis isolates. The sequencing of the 270-bp central region of the rpoB gene revealed point mutations at 7 different codons in 12 (15%) of the M. tuberculosis isolates. The results obtained with MAS-PCR are in accordance with PCR-sequencing with high sensitivity and specificity for katG315, inhA15, and rpoB (531, 516, 526). The results of this study suggested that molecular techniques can be used as a rapid tool for the identification of drug resistance in clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis. Both DNA sequencing and MAS-PCR yielded high sensitivity for the detection of RIF and INH mutations and detecting multi-drug resistant tuberculosis cases.The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases 02/2012; 16(1):57-62. DOI:10.1016/S1413-8670(12)70275-1 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Simplifying microarray workflow is a necessary first step for creating MDR-TB microarray-based diagnostics that can be routinely used in lower-resource environments. An amplification microarray combines asymmetric PCR amplification, target size selection, target labeling, and microarray hybridization within a single solution and into a single microfluidic chamber. A batch processing method is demonstrated with a 9-plex asymmetric master mix and low-density gel element microarray for genotyping multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The protocol described here can be completed in 6 hr and provide correct genotyping with at least 1,000 cell equivalents of genomic DNA. Incorporating on-chip wash steps is feasible, which will result in an entirely closed amplicon method and system. The extent of multiplexing with an amplification microarray is ultimately constrained by the number of primer pairs that can be combined into a single master mix and still achieve desired sensitivity and specificity performance metrics, rather than the number of probes that are immobilized on the array. Likewise, the total analysis time can be shortened or lengthened depending on the specific intended use, research question, and desired limits of detection. Nevertheless, the general approach significantly streamlines microarray workflow for the end user by reducing the number of manually intensive and time-consuming processing steps, and provides a simplified biochemical and microfluidic path for translating microarray-based diagnostics into routine clinical practice.Journal of Visualized Experiments 01/2014; DOI:10.3791/51256
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ABSTRACT: Although the diagnosis of mycobacteriosis and susceptibility testing are still primarily based on conventional methods (staining, culture, biochemical analysis, proportional method), a series of molecular assays are increasingly introduced and incorporated in the workflow of clinical mycobacteriology laboratories worldwide. These assays are rapid and offer high sensitivities and specificities. In the present review, we describe the molecular assays concerning the early detection of Mycobacteria in clinical specimens, the identification of mycobacterial species, the detection of drug resistance and the typing for epidemiological investigations.Journal of Microbiological Methods 09/2008; 75(1-75):1-11. DOI:10.1016/j.mimet.2008.05.023 · 2.10 Impact Factor