Predictors of persistent smoking and quitting among women smokers

Social and Behavioral Research in Cancer Group, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Box 913, Dunedin, NZ, New Zealand.
Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.76). 10/2006; 31(9):1711-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.12.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined predictors of persistent tobacco smoking and smoking cessation in a longitudinal study of women's health. The sample consisted of 575 women, with an average age of 34 years at baseline. Follow-up occurred some 13 years later. Two models of smoking behavior were examined, the first identifying correlates of daily smoking at baseline and the second identifying predictors of subsequent quitting at follow-up among those smoking at baseline. Poor maternal education, being young at birth of first child, high level of anxiety, having a partner who smoked, and high tea/coffee consumption were all associated with smoking at baseline. Being a young mother and number of cigarettes smoked at baseline predicted subsequent persistent smoking while high levels of anxiety significantly predicted subsequent quitting.

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    • "SES, education and early motherhood (McGee & Williams, 2006; Watt, Carson, Lawlor, Patel, Ebrahim, 2009). Additional factors include: emotional distress, depression, the belief that smoking is stress-relieving, concerns about weight control, lifetime intimate partner violence and childhood abuse (Jessup, Dibble, & Cooper, 2012; Kaufman & Augustson, 2008; Khor et al., 2006; McGee & Williams, 2006; World Health Organization [WHO], 2010). Parental smoking has also been linked to smoking among women (Oh et al., 2010), with adolescents with smoking parents more likely to become daily smokers (Peterson et al., 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the interplay between sociodemographic factors and parental smoking history in shaping the smoking behavior of Israeli women (N = 302). The study was conducted in the Negev region, which is characterized by a high proportion of immigrants and high percentage of low socioeconomic and educational groups. The specific objectives of this study were to examine: (1) The prevalence and characteristics of women smokers, ex-smokers and never-smokers; and (2) the contribution of education and parent smoking history to women's current smoking. Low levels of education, being Israeli born or veteran immigrants of European-American origin significantly increased the risk of smoking, whereas an orthodox lifestyle and new immigrant status significantly reduced the likelihood of smoking. Occasional smokers reported significantly higher primary care utilization than never smokers. A significant relationship between smoking and pain, gynecological symptoms and depression was found. Results indicate that childhood exposure to maternal smoking was a significant risk factor for smoking, whereas paternal past smoking negatively affects smoking in women. Also, results show that parental educational level affects women's smoking behavior indirectly by influencing their own educational attainment, which in turn is negatively associated with the likelihood of smoking. Mothers with higher education were more likely to smoke, an effect that was reversed for their daughters. Our results demonstrate how demographic, parental and lifestyle factors affect women's smoking in a multi-ethnic society and highlight the need to examine both generational and intergenerational effects.
    Psychology Health and Medicine 11/2013; 19(6). DOI:10.1080/13548506.2013.859713 · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    • "In a longitudinal study conducted on 575 women and examining predictors of smoking cessation, high levels of anxiety significantly predicted subsequent quitting. Women more anxious at baseline were about three times more likely to report quitting 13 years later than women with low baseline anxiety.87 "
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    ABSTRACT: Nicotine dependence is characteristically a chronic and relapsing disease. Although 75%-85% of smokers would like to quit, and one-third make at least three serious lifetime attempts, less than 50% of smokers succeed in stopping before the age of 60. Relevant and complex factors contributing to sustained cigarette consumption, and strongly implicated in the clinical management of smokers, are the level of nicotine dependence and psychological distress. In this review of the literature, these two factors will be examined in detail to show how they may affect smoking cessation outcome and to encourage clinicians to assess patients so they can offer tailored support in quitting smoking.
    Psychology Research and Behavior Management 09/2011; 4:119-28. DOI:10.2147/PRBM.S14243
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    • "Tabla 3. Variables predictivas de inicio de consumo de tabaco en mujeres: análisis univariado Variables predictivas No fumadoras año 2000 Nuevas No fumadoras Inicio de consumo de tabaco fumadoras 2006 2006 2000-2006 "
    Revista medica de Chile 08/2009; 137(8):1001-1009. DOI:10.4067/S0034-98872009000800001 · 0.30 Impact Factor
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