Positive correlation of serum bio-intact PTH(1-84) but not intact PTH with parathyroid gland size in hemodialysis patients.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the usefulness of newly-developed bio-intact parathyroid hormone (Bio-PTH) assay, which measures exclusively intact PTH(1-84) molecule, serum PTH level determined by Bio-PTH assay, in comparison with second-generation intact PTH (I-PTH) assay, was examined for its correlation with parathyroid gland size. Serum PTH was determined in 46 male HD patients, together with bone formation markers bone alkaline phosphatase, intact osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type I collagen, and bone resorption markers deoxypyridinoline, pyridinoline, beta-crossLaps. Maximal diameter of parathyroid gland was determined with ultrasonography as the parathyroid gland size. Serum Ca and Pi correlated significantly with parathyroid gland size rationalizing our method to define parathyroid gland size. Serum Bio-PTH was correlated significantly in a positive manner with parathyroid gland size (R = 0.308, P = 0.0474), whereas serum I-PTH did not. Furthermore, parathyroid gland size did not exhibit a significant correlation with any of bone formation markers or bone resorption markers. The lack of correlation between bone markers and parathyroid gland size in HD patients may be explained by the occurrence of refractoriness of bone to PTH. In conclusion, serum Bio-PTH assay could provide a better assay than I-PTH assay to estimate parathyroid function in HD patients, due mainly to its exclusive correlation with parathyroid gland size.