Risk factors for Peyronie's disease: a case-control study.
ABSTRACT To test some hypotheses about risk factors for Peyronie's disease (PD).
In a case-control study, 82 patients with PD, consecutively diagnosed at the first author's institution, were compared with 246 men visiting the same institution for dermatological diseases. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the data.
From the multivariate logistic regression analysis the risk factors for PD were: a history of genital and/or perineal injuries, transurethral prostatectomy, cystoscopy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, lipoma, propranolol in therapy, Dupuytren's contracture in the medical history, ever having smoked, alcohol consumption, fibromatous lesions of the genital tract of the partner, and surgical intervention on the genital tract of the partner.
The results of the present study are in line with the hypothesis that, in addition to genetic predisposition, trauma of the penis and systemic vascular diseases are risk factors for PD. Smoking and alcohol consumption also seem to have some role in the development of the disease.
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ABSTRACT: Peyronie's disease (PD) is a condition of the penis, characterized by the presence of localized fibrotic plaque in the tunica albuginea. PD is not an uncommon disorder, with recent epidemiologic studies documenting a prevalence of 3-9% of adult men affected. The actual prevalence of PD may be even higher. It is often associated with penile pain, anatomical deformities in the erect penis, and difficulty with intromission. As the definitive pathophysiology of PD has not been completely elucidated, further basic research is required to make progress in the understanding of this enigmatic condition. Similarly, research on effective therapies is limited. Currently, nonsurgical treatments are used for those men who are in the acute stage of PD, whereas surgical options are reserved for men with established PD who cannot successfully penetrate. Intralesional treatments are growing in clinical popularity as a minimally invasive approach in the initial treatment of PD. A surgical approach should be considered when men with PD do not respond to conservative, medical, or minimally invasive therapies for approximately 1 year and cannot have satisfactory sexual intercourse. As scientific breakthroughs in the understanding of the mechanisms of this disease process evolve, novel treatments for the many men suffering with PD are anticipated.01/2013; 5:17-27. DOI:10.2147/RRU.S24609
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ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of LaPeyronie's disease (PD) is considered to be multifactorial, involving genetic predisposition, trauma, inflammation and altered wound healing. However, these factors have not yet been validated using animal models. In this study, we have presented a new model obtained by tunica albuginea allograft. A total of 40, 16-week-old male rats were used. Of these, 8 rats served as controls and underwent a 10 x 2-mm-wide tunical excision with subsequent autografting, whereas the remaining 32 underwent the same excision with grafting of the defect with another rat's tunica. Morphological and functional testing was performed at 1, 3, 7 and 12 weeks after grafting. Intracavernous pressure, the degree of penile curvature and elastic fiber length were evaluated for comparison between the allograft and control groups. The tissues were obtained for histological examination. The penile curvature was significantly greater in the allografted rats as compared with the control rats. The erectile function was maintained in all rats, except in those assessed at 12 weeks. The elastin fiber length was decreased in the allografted tunica as compared to control. SMAD2 expression was detected in the inner part of the allograft, and both collagen-II- and osteocalcin-positive cells were also noted. Tunica albuginea (TA) allograft in rats is an excellent model of PD. The persistence of curvature beyond 12 weeks and the presence of ossification in the inner layer of the TA were similar to those observed in men with PD. Validation studies using this animal model would aid understanding of the PD pathophysiology for effective therapeutic interventions.Asian Journal of Andrology 07/2014; 16(4). DOI:10.4103/1008-682X.125900 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Peyronie's disease is postulated to be initiated by repetitive minor traumas to the fully or partially erect penis. We investigated Peyronie's disease prospectively in cases treated for penile fracture (PF) within the last 20 years. Medical records of 63 cases treated for PFs were reviewed. Subjects were required to self-assess their current penile morphologies and sexual functions. Penile nodules and Peyronie's plaques were also evaluated with physical examination, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and penile curvatures with auto-photography, and sexual function with international erectile function index (IIEF). Of the 63 cases (mean age 37 years), 46 who had mean follow-up of 63 months were re-evaluated. The mean IIEF-5 score was 23.2±3.1. Painful erections (n=5), penile nodules (n=5) and also penile curvatures <20° (n=2) were investigated. No Peyronie's plaque was palpated in any of the cases. Ultrasound and MRI showed fibrotic nodules of 5 mm in diameter, which extended into the subtunical area in the rupture site in 54% of the cases, although any thickening and Peyronie's plaque were not found in the tunica albuginea and intracavernosal septum of the cases examined. In PF patients treated surgically, the erectile function and penile morphology were preserved. In our cases PFs did not induce the development of Peyronie's disease.International journal of impotence research 06/2011; 23(4):165-72. DOI:10.1038/ijir.2011.24 · 1.37 Impact Factor