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Introducing amine functionalities on a poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) surface: Comparing the use of ammonia plasma treatment and ethylenediamine aminolysis

Nanotechnology and Biomaterials Centre and School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Biomacromolecules (Impact Factor: 5.75). 03/2006; 7(2):427-34. DOI: 10.1021/bm050497a
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Amine functionalities were introduced onto the surface of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) films by applying radio frequency ammonia plasma treatment and wet ethylenediamine treatment. The modified surfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for chemical composition and Raman microspectroscopy for the spatial distribution of the chemical moieties. The relative amount of amine functionalities introduced onto the PHBV surface was determined by exposing the treated films to the vapor of trifluoromethylbenzaldehyde (TFBA) prior to XPS analysis. The highest amount of amino groups on the PHBV surface could be introduced by use of ammonia plasma at short treatment times of 5 and 10 s, but no effect of plasma power within the range of 2.5-20 W was observed. Ethylenediamine treatment yielded fewer surface amino groups, and in addition an increase in crystallinity as well as degradation of PHBV was evident from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Raman maps showed that the coverage of amino groups on the PHBV surfaces was patchy with large areas having no amine functionalities.

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