Body posture facilitates retrieval of autobiographical memories.
ABSTRACT We assessed potential facilitation of congruent body posture on access to and retention of autobiographical memories in younger and older adults. Response times were shorter when body positions during prompted retrieval of autobiographical events were similar to the body positions in the original events than when body position was incongruent. Free recall of the autobiographical events two weeks later was also better for congruent-posture than for incongruent-posture memories. The findings were similar for younger and older adults, except for the finding that free recall was more accurate in younger adults than in older adults in the congruent condition. We discuss these findings in the context of theories of embodied cognition.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Rolf A Zwaan, Jul 22, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Guillaume T Vallet
- "As predicted by embodiment, several studies found that the body itself influences cognition (Casasanto, 2011; Osiurak et al., 2014). One study found that our body posture influence the retrieval of autobiographical memories in both young and older adults (Dijkstra et al., 2007). This suggests that memories depend on the context of the body as predicted by the embodied cognition theories. "
Article: Embodied cognition of aging[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Embodiment is revolutionizing the way we consider cognition by incorporating the influence of our body and of the current context within cognitive processing. A growing number of studies which support this view of cognition in young adults stands in stark contrast with the lack of evidence in favor of this view in the field of normal aging and neurocognitive disorders. Nonetheless, the validation of embodiment assumptions on the whole spectrum of cognition is a mandatory step in order for embodied cognition theories to become theories of human cognition. More pragmatically, aging populations represent a perfect target to test embodied cognition theories due to concomitant changes in sensory, motor and cognitive functioning that occur in aging, since these theories predict direct interactions between them. Finally, the new perspectives on cognition provided by these theories might also open new research avenues and new clinical applications in the field of aging. The present article aims at showing the value and interest to explore embodiment in normal and abnormal aging as well as introducing some potential theoretical and clinical applications.Frontiers in Psychology 04/2015; 6:463. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00463 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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- "Riskind (1984) found that an upright posture vs. a slumped posture boosted either pleasant or unpleasant memories, Foerster and Strack (1996) found that nodding or shaking one's head influenced the memory for positive vs. negative words, and Dijkstra et al. (2007) demonstrated that body position affected the recall of autobiographical memories. They described the memories to be " easier to access if the body position is similar to the one in the original experience " (Dijkstra et al., 2007: 146), that is, state-dependent memory would be specified into a posture congruent memory, facilitating the reconstruction of autobiographical memories. According to Bietti (2013), these findings suggest that the body posture in which the experience was acquired is contained in the multimodal memory trace of the experience stored in the brain, and provides evidence concerning the multidimensional nature of memory traces. "
ABSTRACT: What influence does body memory from two different movement qualities have on affect and cognition? This article relates the phenomenological theory of body memory, movement observation theory from dance, and psychological conceptual and empirical work on body feedback i . Body feedback means afferent feedback from the body's peripheral movements to the higher cortical functions, such as the systematic effects of the adoption of certain gestures or postures on the memory for life events (e.g., Riskind, 1984). Meaning of movements is stored in the body in relation to our learning history --ontogenetic as well as phylogenetic. For such incidences of body memory, phenomenology has recently put forth a theoretical framework (Fuchs, 2012). On the basis of this framework, we hypothesize that specific movement qualities will have a differential impact on affect and cognition. In accordance with our hypotheses, results suggest that strong movements are related to more fighting affect and more negative memory recall, whereas light movements are more closely related to a non-movement 2 control condition, to more indulgent affect and more positive memory recall. Results are discussed with respect to the phenomenological framework.Memory Studies 06/2014; 7(3):272-284. DOI:10.1177/1750698014530618 · 1.07 Impact Factor
- "Examples are the influence of action plans on the perception of color or form when the action plans provide information for open parameters of that action (e.g., Wykowska et al., 2009) or the impairment of spatial orientation when movement-related idiothetic information about body rotation and translation is absent (e.g., Klatzky et al., 1998, Gramann et al., 2005, Plank et al., 2010, Gramann, 2013), and the demonstration of augmented retrieval of autobiographical memories via assumption of associated body postures (Dijkstra et al., 2007). "
Article: Imaging Natural Cognition in Action.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The primary function of the human brain is arguably to optimize the results of our motor actions in an ever-changing environment. Our cognitive processes and supporting brain dynamics are inherently coupled both to our environment and to our physical structure and actions. To investigate human cognition in its most natural forms demands imaging of brain activity while participants perform naturally motivated actions and interactions within a full three-dimensional environment. Transient, distributed brain activity patterns supporting spontaneous motor actions, performed in pursuit of naturally motivated goals, may involve any or all parts of cortex and must be precisely timed at a speed faster than the speed of thought and action. Hemodynamic imaging methods give information about brain dynamics on a much slower scale, and established techniques for imaging brain dynamics in all modalities forbid participants from making natural extensive movements so as to avoid intractable movement-related artifacts. To overcome these limitations, we are developing mobile brain/body imaging (MoBI) approaches to studying natural human cognition. By synchronizing lightweight, high-density electroencephalographic (EEG) recording with recordings of participant sensory experience, body and eye movements, and other physiological measures, we can apply advanced data analysis techniques to the recorded signal ensemble. This MoBI approach enables the study of human brain dynamics accompanying active human cognition in its most natural forms. Results from our studies have provided new insights into the brain dynamics supporting natural cognition and can extend theories of human cognition and its evolutionary function - to optimize the results of our behavior to meet ever-changing goals, challenges, and opportunities.International journal of psychophysiology: official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 09/2013; 91(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.09.003 · 2.65 Impact Factor