Mortality rates among augmentation mammoplasty patients: an update.
ABSTRACT A large follow-up study of cosmetic breast implant patients previously suggested an overall decrease in mortality but increased risks of brain and respiratory cancers and of suicides.
This cohort of 12,144 implant patients and 3614 patients with other types of plastic surgeries was followed for 5 additional years, enabling derivations of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) based on population rates and relative risks (RRs) based on comparisons with the other patients.
A total of 443 implant and 221 other plastic surgery patients were identified as deceased (SMR = 0.65 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.6-0.7] and 0.56 [0.5-0.6], respectively). Despite evidence that implants can interfere with mammographic visualization, there was no evidence that implant patients had a higher risk of death from breast cancer as compared with either the general population or other plastic surgery patients. The previous excess risk of brain cancer deaths among implant patients was attenuated by follow-up (as the result of no additional deaths; SMR = 1.43, 0.8-2.5; RR = 2.07, 0.5-8.9). A previously observed excess risk of respiratory cancer deaths persisted in comparisons with other plastic surgery patients (RR = 1.63; 1.0-2.7), but there was no evidence of a trend of risk with follow-up time. Implant patients also showed an elevated risk of suicide (SMR = 1.63, 1.1-2.3; RR = 2.58, 0.9-7.8) and of deaths caused by motor vehicle accidents (RR = 1.73; 0.6-5.4).
Although several elevations in cause-specific mortality were attenuated by additional follow-up, the excess risk of suicide among the implant patients remains of concern.
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice 08/2010; 17(3):278–282. DOI:10.1016/j.cbpra.2010.02.005 · 1.33 Impact Factor
Gender Issues 06/2015; 32(2):77-96. DOI:10.1007/s12147-014-9132-z
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Literature indicates an increased risk of suicide among women who have had cosmetic breast implants. An explanatory model for this association has not been established. Some studies conclude that women with cosmetic breast implants demonstrate some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk while others support that the breast augmentation protects from suicide. A systematic review including data collection from January 1961 up to February 2014 was conducted. The results were incorporated to pre-existing suicide risk models of the general population. A modified suicide risk model was created for the female cosmetic augmentation mammaplasty candidate. A 2-3 times increased suicide risk among women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation has been identified. Breast augmentation patients show some characteristics that are associated with increased suicide risk. The majority of women reported high postoperative satisfaction. Recent research indicates that the Autoimmune syndrome induced by adjuvants and fibromyalgia syndrome are associated with silicone implantation. A thorough surgical, medical and psycho-social (psychiatric, family, reproductive, and occupational) history should be included in the preoperative assessment of women seeking to undergo cosmetic breast augmentation. Breast augmentation surgery can stimulate a systematic stress response and increase the risk of suicide. Each risk factor of suicide has poor predictive value when considered independently and can result in prediction errors. A clinical management model has been proposed considering the overlapping risk factors of women that undergo cosmetic breast augmentation with suicide.03/2015; 42(2):131-142. DOI:10.5999/aps.2015.42.2.131