Article

Effects of low-intensity behavioral treatment for children with autism and mental retardation.

Akershus University Hospital, Nordbyhagen, Norway.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (Impact Factor: 3.34). 03/2006; 36(2):211-24. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-005-0058-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We retrospectively compared 2 groups of children receiving either behavioral treatment (n = 13) or eclectic treatment (n = 15) for an average of 12 hours per week. Children were assessed on intelligence, language, adaptive functioning and maladaptive behavior at pretreatment and 2 years into treatment. The groups did not differ significantly at pretreatment. After 2 years of treatment, the behavioral group made larger gains than the eclectic group in most areas. However, gains were more modest than those reported in previous studies with children receiving more intensive behavioral treatment, and it is questionable whether they were clinically significant.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
111 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Early intensive behavioral interventions have become a very popular treatment in the field of autism spectrum disorders. Given the rapidly expanding use of these methods and the amount of money and resources being devoted to these programs, analyses of these practices is warranted. This paper looks at treatment studies on the topic. The children treated were largely diagnosed with pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified or autism diagnoses. One-to-one training was typical as were structured curriculums. The implications of these practices are discussed along with assertions about future direction for research.
    Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 03/2013; 1(1):80-86.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article describes how applied behaviour analysis can be implemented effectively and affordably in a maintained special needs school in the UK. Behaviour analysts collaborate with classroom teachers to provide early intensive behaviour education for young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and function based behavioural interventions for children between the ages of three and 18 years. Data are presented that show how the model is effective. Children with ASD under the age of seven made significant gains on intelligence quotient and on a range of skills including language, social and play, and academic skills following three academic terms of intervention. Case study data for two children reveal a marked decrease in challenging behaviour following a function based behavioural intervention. These interventions have led to greater independence, integration and access to curricular activities. These data show that children are making significant gains within this cost-effective model.
    British Journal of Special Education 02/2015;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The treatment of children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) has not been systematically assessed in French day-care units. In this prospective study, 11 children with a diagnosis of PDD were followed up for 2 years in a day-care unit in the Marseille university hospital. The treatment they received is based on an initial assessment by the “Centre Ressources Autisme” (CRA PACA) and further included a continued observation of the child and an assessment of the child's abilities and needs. This treatment used various therapeutic approaches 10 h weekly and also included parental counseling and coordinated work with schools. Treatment in our day-care unit can be categorized as eclectic, non-intensive therapy. It is based on methods such as TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication handicapped Children), Floor Time Play, speech and language therapy, developmental therapy, and psychotherapy. International studies on intensive behavioral therapies suggest that this treatment is superior to non-behavioral and/or non-intensive treatment. They suggest its efficiency is due both to the nature of the treatment (behavioral) and to its intensity (more than 25 h a week). In this study, the CRA diagnosed children using the ADI and ADOS. The 11 children (mean age, 3 years 5 months) were tested twice, with the Vineland and CARS scales. The first assessment was on admission to the day hospital and the second was 2 years later. The results showed developmental progress with a mean increase of 13.5 months at the Vineland Scale, and a decrease of the autism severity score on the CARS. The treatment presented here proves to be efficient; if compared to similar results in international studies, we obtained better results than their eclectic intensive or non-intensive treatment comparison group.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 01/2013; 20(1):17-25. · 0.41 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
295 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014