Effects of calpastatin and micro-calpain markers in beef cattle on tenderness traits.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) developed at the calpastatin (CAST) and mu-calpain (CAPN1) genes with meat tenderness and palatability traits in populations with diverse genetic backgrounds. Three populations were used in the study. One population consisted of Bos taurus that included crossbred animals derived from Hereford, Angus, Red Angus, Limousin, Charolais, Gelbvieh, and Simmental (GPE7; n = 539). Another population consisted of Bos taurus with Bos indicus influence, including crossbred animals from Hereford, Angus, Brangus, Beefmaster, Bonsmara, and Romosinuano (GPE8; n = 580). The third population was Bos indicus and consisted of purebred Brahman (STARS; n = 444). Traits evaluated were meat tenderness measured as Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF; kg) at 14 d postmortem, and traits evaluated by trained sensory panels that included tenderness score, juiciness, and flavor intensity. A SNP at the CAST gene had a significant (P < 0.003) effect on WBSF and tenderness score in the GPE7 and GPE8 populations. Animals inheriting the TT genotype at CAST had meat that was more tender than those inheriting the CC genotype. The marker at the CAPN1 gene was significant (P < 0.03) for tenderness score in GPE7 and GPE8. Animals inheriting the CC genotype at CAPN1 had meat that was more tender than those inheriting the TT genotype. Markers at the CAST and CAPN1 genes were associated with flavor intensity in the GPE8 population. Animals inheriting the CC genotype at CAST and the TT genotype at CAPN1 produced steaks with an intense flavor when compared with the other genotypes. An interaction between CAST and CAPN1 was detected (P < 0.05) for WBSF on GPE8. The statistical significance of the interaction is questionable because of the limited number of observations in some cells. Markers developed at the CAST and CAPN1 genes are suitable for use in identifying animals with the genetic potential to produce meat that is more tender.
Article: Discovery of novel genetic networks associated with 19 economically important traits in beef cattle.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Quantitative or complex traits are determined by the combined effects of many loci, and are affected by genetic networks or molecular pathways. In the present study, we genotyped a total of 138 mutations, mainly single nucleotide polymorphisms derived from 71 functional genes on a Wagyu x Limousin reference population. Two hundred forty six F(2) animals were measured for 5 carcass, 6 eating quality and 8 fatty acid composition traits. A total of 2,280 single marker-trait association runs with 120 tagged mutations selected based on the HAPLOVIEW analysis revealed 144 significant associations (P < 0.05), but 50 of them were removed from the analysis due to the small number of animals (< or = 9) in one genotype group or absence of one genotype among three genotypes. The remaining 94 single-trait associations were then placed into three groups of quantitative trait modes (QTMs) with additive, dominant and overdominant effects. All significant markers and their QTMs associated with each of these 19 traits were involved in a linear regression model analysis, which confirmed single-gene associations for 4 traits, but revealed two-gene networks for 8 traits and three-gene networks for 5 traits. Such genetic networks involving both genotypes and QTMs resulted in high correlations between predicted and actual values of performance, thus providing evidence that the classical Mendelian principles of inheritance can be applied in understanding genetic complexity of complex phenotypes. Our present study also indicated that carcass, eating quality and fatty acid composition traits rarely share genetic networks. Therefore, marker-assisted selection for improvement of one category of these traits would not interfere with improvement of another.International journal of biological sciences 01/2009; 5(6):528-42. · 2.70 Impact Factor
Article: Impact of polymorphism of the regulatory subunit of the μ-calpain (CAPN1S) on the proteolysis process and meat tenderness of young cattle.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of the polymorphism of μ-calpain (CAPN1S) gene on protein changes of the cattle muscle tissue and its tenderness during 10-day cold storage. The analysis was performed on the longest dorsal and lumbar muscles collected from 76 bulls 6 to 12 months of age. Polymorphism identification of the above-mentioned gene was conducted using the PCR-RFLP technique. Its effect on the course of the proteolysis process was assessed by monitoring changes in proportions of tissue proteins during 10-day process of meat ageing. Special attention was focused on changes in native titin (T1) share and products of its degradation (proteins of molecular weight (m.w.) of 2400 and 200 kDa), α-actinin and protein of 37 kDa as well as myosin heavy chains (MHC). In the case of the last proteins, their polymorphism was evaluated as well. Meat tenderness was estimated measuring the value of shear force and sensorially. The highest tenderness was ascertained for the heterozygote. Its improvement was associated with a significant decrease in proportions of proteins of molecular weight of approximately 37 kDa accompanied by an increase of those with 200 kDa molecular weight. Muscles derived from cattle of CT genotype were characterised by the highest proportions of type 2a MHC isoform. Value differences between proportions determined for the heterozygote and CC and TT homozygotes of the CAPN1S gene were statistically significant. Therefore, it can be presumed that the process of meat tenderisation was especially connected with MHC polymorphism.Molecular Biology Reports 02/2011; 38(2):1295-300. · 2.93 Impact Factor