Surgical treatment for congenital arteriovenous malformation: 10 years' experience.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.82). 08/2006; 32(1):101-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2006.01.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report our 10 years experience of the surgical treatment of congenital arteriovenous malformation (AVM).
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 145 patients with AVM who visited Samsung Medical Center in Korea from 1994 to 2003. Among the 145 patients, 21 patients were operated on. Preoperative embolo/sclerotherapy was done in 20 out of the 21 patients.
The surgically treated AVMs were 13 cases of head and neck lesions, four cases of upper extremity lesions, one case each of back lesion, uterus lesion, lower extremity lesion and multiple site lesions. There were 10 patients with the extratruncular infiltrating type, nine patients with the extratruncular limited type, one patient with a truncular superficial AV fistula and one patient with a mixed type. Fourteen cases were operated on for cosmetic reasons and since they had localized lesions, and five cases were operated on for tissue necrosis. Fourteen cases were cured by a single operation, yet seven cases needed several sessions of operation to cure the AVM or to promote wound healing after surgery.
The surgical treatment of AVM is a challenging issue for vascular surgeons. To minimise the complications related to surgery, a multidisciplinary team approach should be considered.

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