Surgical treatment for congenital arteriovenous malformation: 10 years' experience.
ABSTRACT We report our 10 years experience of the surgical treatment of congenital arteriovenous malformation (AVM).
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 145 patients with AVM who visited Samsung Medical Center in Korea from 1994 to 2003. Among the 145 patients, 21 patients were operated on. Preoperative embolo/sclerotherapy was done in 20 out of the 21 patients.
The surgically treated AVMs were 13 cases of head and neck lesions, four cases of upper extremity lesions, one case each of back lesion, uterus lesion, lower extremity lesion and multiple site lesions. There were 10 patients with the extratruncular infiltrating type, nine patients with the extratruncular limited type, one patient with a truncular superficial AV fistula and one patient with a mixed type. Fourteen cases were operated on for cosmetic reasons and since they had localized lesions, and five cases were operated on for tissue necrosis. Fourteen cases were cured by a single operation, yet seven cases needed several sessions of operation to cure the AVM or to promote wound healing after surgery.
The surgical treatment of AVM is a challenging issue for vascular surgeons. To minimise the complications related to surgery, a multidisciplinary team approach should be considered.
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ABSTRACT: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are a type of high-flow vascular malformations that most commonly occurs in the head and neck. They are present at birth but are usually clinically asymptomatic until later in life. The pathogenesis of AVMs remains unclear and therapeutic approaches to AVMs are unsatisfied. In order to provide a tool for studying the pathogenesis and therapies of this disease, we established and studied a xenograft animal model of human AVMs. Fresh human AVMs specimens harvested from 4 patients were sectioned (5x5x5 mm) and xenografted subcutaneously in 5 immunologically naive nude mice (Athymic Nude-Foxn1nu). Each mouse had four pieces specimens in four quadrants along the back. The grafts were observed weekly for volume, color and texture. The grafts were harvested at every 30 days intervals for histologic examination. All grafts (n = 20) were sectioned and stained for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Comparative pathologic evaluation of the grafts and native AVMs were performed by two blinded pathologists. Immunohistochemical examination of human-specific nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and Ki-67 was performed. Clinical characteristics and pathologic diagnosis of native human derived AVMs were confirmed. 85% (n = 17) of AVM xenografts survived although the sizes decreased after implantation. Histological examination demonstrated numerous small and medium-size vessels and revealed structural characteristics matching the native AVMs tissue.76.5% (n = 13) of the surviving xenografts were positive for Ki-67 and human-specific nuclear antigen suggesting survival of the human derived tissue, 52.9% (n = 9) were positive for VEGFR-2. This preliminary xenograft animal model suggests that AVMs can survive in the nude mouse. The presence of human-specific nuclear antigen, VEGFR-2, and Ki-67 demonstrates the stability of native tissue qualities within the xenografts.Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 12/2013; 8(1):199. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: IntroductionThe management of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) remains challenging because of their unpredictable behaviour and high recurrence rate.ReportThis report describes the case of a 37-year-old female with AVM in her left thigh. After twice embolotherapy, the AVM was recognised to be resectable, and intra-operative embolisation was performed to block the blood flow into the nidus of the AVM. The malformation was completely resected with minimal blood loss.DiscussionMultidisciplinary treatment that integrates surgical therapy with embolotherapy is essential to manage AVMs and to improve the results of treatment, with limited morbidity and no recurrence.EJVES Extra 03/2012; 43(3):365.
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ABSTRACT: Hemangiomas are benign vascular anomalies characterized by benign proliferation of blood vessels. There are no well-defined criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of oral capillary hemangioma (OCH). The objective of this study is to report a safe, effective, and low-cost protocol for diagnosis and treatment of OCH. Eight patients were diagnosed with OCH, through two physical examination maneuvers-the diascopy and head lowering maneuver with abdominal compression (HLMAC). The treatment performed was sclerotherapy with ethanolamine oleate, weekly, until the disappearance of the lesion. No local anesthetics were administered prior to the sclerosing agent injection. All cases showed a complete remission of the lesions after sclerotherapy. There were no visible scars or compromise esthetics or normal function, and there was no evidence of recurrence. Only one patient had superficial ulceration, which remained asymptomatic and healed without specific treatment. This protocol was effective in the diagnosis of OCH through two physical examination maneuvers with low-cost and easy implementation, the diascopy and the HLMAC. The low concentration associated with a reduced amount of the sclerosing agent was responsible for the excellent results in the cases treated.Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 11/2013;