Article

Perceptions of Nigerian Women on Domestic Violence: Evidence from 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
African Journal of Reproductive Health 09/2005; 9(2):38-53. DOI: 10.2307/3583461
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To facilitate the design of effective programmes to eliminate violence against women in Nigeria, this paper examined women's perceptions of wife beating. The data were derived from the 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). Both descriptive and analytical methods were used to assess the net effects of socio-demographic factors on women's perceptions of domestic violence. The study demonstrates that a large percentage of Nigerian women agreed that a man is justified in beating or hitting his wife; 66.4% and 50.4% of ever-married and unmarried women respectively expressed consent for wife beating. Respondents' approval of wife beating or abuse varied by personal attributes. Ethnic affiliation, level of education, place of residence, wealth index and frequency of listening to radio were significantly related to concurrence with wife beating. This paper highlights the cultural factors responsible for, and negative effects of, domestic violence against women in Nigeria and makes a case for raising public consciousness against it.

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    • "Women are considered inferior to men and a wife is part of a man's property. Therefore, use of violence is permitted to correct and keep her in check (Orebiyi, 2002; Oyediran & Isiugo-Abanihe, 2005). This is similar to the findings in Cambodia by Surtees (2003). "
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    • "Studies in developing countries documented high rates of acceptance of wifebeating among men and women. In Africa, acceptance of wife-beating ranged from 70% of men and 90% of women in Rural Uganda (Koenig et al. 2003), 53% of women in Zimbabwe (Hindin 2003), to 66.4% of women in Nigeria (Oyediran and Isiugo-Abanihe 2005). Studies conducted in Asia showed that 56% of women in India (Koenig et al. 2006), up to 69% of Jordanian women (Clark et al. 2009), and 60% of Palestinian men and 61% of Palestinian refugee women living in Jordan (Khawaja et al. 2008) justified wife-beating. "
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