Observational study of an Arts-in-Medicine Program in an outpatient hemodialysis unit
ABSTRACT Long-term hemodialysis is associated with impaired quality of life (QOL) and depression, which are thought to worsen compliance with the treatment regimen. With the success of our hospital's Arts-in-Medicine Program, we launched a similar set of activities in the long-term dialysis unit and sought to measure their effects.
At baseline and 6 months, we administered the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Beck depression scales to 46 patients (44% men; mean age, 52 years) and assessed their percentage of achieved dialysis time, interdialytic weight gain, and predialysis laboratory results. We tested for a relationship between these variables and Arts-in-Medicine Program participation (low and high; 51% and 49%). Arts in Medicine was offered each shift, led by artists, and included artwork, crocheting, crafts, seasonal displays, poetry, and playing musical instruments.
At 6 months, the patients, nurses, technicians, and physicians subjectively believed that Arts in Medicine had a positive impact on the unit. In paired comparisons to baseline, there was significant improvement in SF-36 scores for Role-Physical (mean values, 34.4 to 38.7; P = 0.04), less weight gain (3.6 to 3.2 kg; P = 0.02), greater serum carbon dioxide content (20.4 to 22.5 mEq/L [mmol/L]; P < 0.01), greater phosphate levels (5.3 to 5.7 mg/dL [1.71 to 1.84 mmol/L]; P = 0.04), and a trend to less depression (Beck score, 15.3 to 12.1; P = 0.07). Regression analyses showed that high participation correlated with improved SF-36 scores for Social Function (11.1-unit increase; P = 0.01), Bodily Pain (7.6-unit increase; P = 0.04), and Role-Physical (6.6-unit increase; P = 0.06), as well as a trend to greater albumin levels (0.11 g/dL [1.1 g/L]; P = 0.08), but with greater phosphate (0.8 mg/dL [0.26 mmol/L]; P = 0.01) and lower calcium levels (0.3 mg/dL [0.07 mmol/L]; P = 0.07).
Participation in a new Arts-in-Medicine Program correlated with improved QOL measures, and there were encouraging trends for depression, as well as certain laboratory and hemodialysis parameters.
- Nature Clinical Practice Nephrology 05/2006; 2(5):236-236. DOI:10.1038/ncpneph0145 · 6.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review explores the relationship between engagement with the creative arts and health outcomes, specifically the health effects of music engagement, visual arts therapy, movement-based creative expression, and expressive writing. Although there is evidence that art-based interventions are effective in reducing adverse physiological and psychological outcomes, the extent to which these interventions enhance health status is largely unknown. Our hope is to establish a foundation for continued investigation into this subject and to generate further interest in researching the complexities of engagement with the arts and health.American Journal of Public Health 12/2009; 100(2):254-63. DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2008.156497 · 4.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose The SF-36, a generic measure of 8 domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL), has been widely used to examine HRQOL of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). The current study synthesizes existing literature to examine which SF-36 domains capture the largest burden in this patient population. Methods A literature search of published studies that presented descriptive statistics for baseline SF-36 scale scores from HD patients was conducted. Disease burden was estimated by comparing HD patients’ SF-36 scores to those from either a control group or a general population normative sample taken from the same country. For each study, Cohen d effect sizes for between-sample differences were calculated for each scale. Results Twenty-six articles that matched set criteria were identified. Estimation of differences between HD patients and comparison groups showed that the SF-36 physical functioning scale yielded the largest weighted mean effect size across studies (d = 1.46), followed by the general health (d = 1.29) and role physical (d = 1.21) scales. Conclusions Among the eight domains of the SF-36, physical functioning, general health, and role physical scales best captured disease burden for HD patients. The disease burden negatively impacts physical HRQOL more strongly than mental HRQOL.Quality of Life Research 04/2011; 20(3):383-389. DOI:10.1007/s11136-010-9764-8 · 2.86 Impact Factor