The Philadelphia chromosome as a secondary abnormality in inv(3)(q21q26) acute myeloid leukemia at diagnosis: confirmation of p190 BCR-ABL mRNA by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

Department of Clinical Pathology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics (Impact Factor: 1.93). 03/2006; 165(1):70-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2005.07.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) as a secondary cytogenetic abnormality is a rare event. It is observed mostly as an additional, late-appearing cytogenetic change during the evolution of acute leukemia and its presentation as a secondary change at the onset of disease is much rarer. We describe here a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who had Ph as a secondary chromosome abnormality at diagnosis. Cytogenetic analysis showed an abnormal karyotype, 45,XY,inv(3)(q21q26),-7[4]/45,idem, t(9;22)(q34;q11.2). The p190 variety of BCR-ABL rearrangements was confirmed by a real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using fluorescent probes. To our knowledge, the minor BCR-ABL fusion gene involving a secondary Ph superimposed on inv(3) and monosomy 7 has not been reported in AML at diagnosis. Along with the identification of more cases, it will be possible to understand the exact role of this secondary Ph in a multistep leukemogenesis.