Two sibling cases of hydrops fetalis due to alloimmune anti-CD36 (Nak(a)) antibody
ABSTRACT Two female sibling cases, who were born to a CD36 deficient mother, were presented with Coombs' test-negative hydrops. The alloimmune anti-CD36 (Nak(a)) antibody was accidentally found in the mother's serum after an episode of anaphylactic shock with thrombocytopenia, which occurred in an individual receiving fresh frozen plasma prepared from the mother's donated blood. The mother was then diagnosed as having type II CD36 deficiency, lacking CD36 on both platelets and monocytes, while both of her daughters were CD36 positive. Analyses of the CD36 gene revealed that the mother was a compound heterozygote for the CD36 gene mutation with a novel C --> T transition at nt 1366 in exon 12, corresponding to Arg386Trp, and a known 12bp deletion at nt 1438-1449 in exon 13. On the other hand, both patients, who showed half the normal level of CD36 on platelets and monocytes, were heterozygote with one mutation at Arg386Trp. The anti-CD36 antibody in the mother seemed to be responsible for the hydrops fetalis observed in her daughters, because the IgG isolated from the mother's serum showed suppressive effects on the CFU-E colony formation of CD34+ cells from a control donor. This is the first case report of hydrops fetalis caused by an alloimmune anti-CD36 antibody.
Transfusion 03/2009; 49(2):390-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.02000.x · 3.57 Impact Factor
Transfusion 03/2009; 49(2):392-4. DOI:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.02030.x · 3.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: CD36 (also known as GPIV) deficiency is known to be responsible for the production of anti-Naka antibodies in different clinical settings such as fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) and post-transfusion purpura (PTP). However, no data regarding the relevance of CD36 immunisation is currently available for China. In this study, healthy blood donors were typed for CD36 deficiency using flow cytometry. Nucleotide sequencing was performed to identify the molecular basis underlying the CD36 deficiency. Anti-Naka antibodies in CD36-deficient individuals were analysed by ELISA and flow cytometry. By analysis of 998 healthy blood donors, 18 individuals failed to express CD36 on their platelets. In 5/12 individuals no CD36 expression was detected both on platelets and monocytes. This result suggested that the frequencies of type I CD36 deficiency (platelets and monocytes) and type II CD36 deficiency (platelets only) are approximately 0.5 and 1.3%, respectively. Nucleotide sequencing analysis of type I CD36 deficient individuals revealed eight different mutations; four of them were not described so far. However, 1228-1239del ATTGTGCCTATT and 329-330delAC appear to be the most common mutations related to type I CD36 deficiency in South Chinese population. Further analysis showed that 1/5 type I CD36 deficient individuals developed anti-Naka antibodies. In addition, anti-Naka antibodies could be identified in two cases of thrombocytopenia associated with FNAIT and PTR. In conclusion, more than 0.5% of CD36 type I-deficient individuals are at risk to be immunised through blood transfusion or pregnancy in China. Testing of anti-Naka antibodies should be considered in FNAIT and PTR suspected cases. A registry of CD36-deficient donors should be established to allow treatment of immune-mediated bleeding disorders caused by anti-Naka antibodies.Thrombosis and Haemostasis 08/2013; 110(5). DOI:10.1160/TH13-05-0435 · 5.76 Impact Factor