Article

SISYPHE Study Group. Professional correlates of insomnia

Centre du Sommeil, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris, France.
Sleep (Impact Factor: 5.06). 03/2006; 29(2):171-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Insomnia is a highly prevalent disorder that affects daytime functioning, behavior, and quality of life. Several reports have shown that insomnia impacts on the workforce and is associated with an increased risk of absenteeism. However, few workplace studies have been performed. Our study attempted to evaluate the professional correlates of insomnia by comparing a group of workers with insomnia to a matched group of good sleepers. The main objective measure was absenteeism. Accidents, self-esteem at work, job satisfaction, and efficiency at work were also investigated.
Pairs of workers with insomnia (according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition definition) and good sleepers, matched by age, sex, and occupational status, were interviewed by their occupational physician and also answered a self-administered questionnaire on work-related criteria. Objective data on absenteeism (number of days absent from work) were provided by the employers' health resource databases.
Paris and the Ile de France region (France).
Seven hundred eighty-five subjects completed the questionnaire. We retained 369 pair (ie, 738 subjects) for analysis. Insomniacs missed work twice as often as good sleepers. The difference between insomniacs and good sleepers in terms of absenteeism was particularly high for blue-collar workers (odds ratio = 3.0) and men (odds ratio = 2.31). Insomniacs had also a higher accident rate while driving and, strikingly, a 3-fold greater risk of having 2 or 3 serious road accidents. They also reported poor self-esteem at work, less job satisfaction, and less efficiency at work, compared with good sleepers.
Our study found an objective increase in absenteeism in insomniacs compared with good sleepers.

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    • "All rights reserved. on accidents (Leger et al., 2006; Shahly et al., 2012). Several studies analyzing the effect of various insomnia symptoms on the risk of accidents have produced mixed results. "
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    Accident Analysis & Prevention 10/2014; 71:10–14. DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2014.05.002 · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    • "Il constitue un important facteur de protection de l'e ´ tat de santé . A ` l'inverse, les troubles du sommeil ont des consé quences sur le fonctionnement de l'organisme et du psychisme, et de ce fait sur la vie sociale et professionnelle, telles que l'absenté isme ou les accidents de la route et du travail lié s a ` la somnolence (Lé ger et al., 2002 ; Godet-Cayre et al., 2006 ; Lé ger et al., 2006). Si une majorité des Français dort environ sept heures par jour (Lé ger et al., 2011), cette duré e ne peut toutefois pas e ˆtre considé ré e comme une norme prophylactique, dans la mesure où certains individus ont besoin de neuf heures de sommeil quotidien, lorsque d'autres, plus rarement, peuvent se contenter de cinq heures sans retentissement particulier sur la journé e suivante. "
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    • "Il constitue un important facteur de protection de l'e ´ tat de santé . A ` l'inverse, les troubles du sommeil ont des consé quences sur le fonctionnement de l'organisme et du psychisme, et de ce fait sur la vie sociale et professionnelle, telles que l'absenté isme ou les accidents de la route et du travail lié s a ` la somnolence (Lé ger et al., 2002 ; Godet-Cayre et al., 2006 ; Lé ger et al., 2006). Si une majorité des Français dort environ sept heures par jour (Lé ger et al., 2011), cette duré e ne peut toutefois pas e ˆtre considé ré e comme une norme prophylactique, dans la mesure où certains individus ont besoin de neuf heures de sommeil quotidien, lorsque d'autres, plus rarement, peuvent se contenter de cinq heures sans retentissement particulier sur la journé e suivante. "
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