The role of up-front radiation therapy for incompletely resected pediatric WHO grade II low-grade gliomas

Brain Tumor Research Center and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
Neuro-Oncology (Impact Factor: 5.56). 05/2006; 8(2):166-74. DOI: 10.1215/15228517-2005-011
Source: PubMed


The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of early radiation therapy and extent of surgical resection on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in children with WHO grade II low-grade gliomas (LGGs). We conducted a historical cohort study of 90 patients, ages 21 or younger, diagnosed with WHO grade II LGGs between 1970 and 1995. Median follow-up for surviving patients was 9.4 years (range, 0.5-22.6 years). Tests for variables correlating with OS and PFS were conducted by using log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models. Eleven patients underwent gross total resections (GTRs), 43 had subtotal resections, and 34 underwent biopsy only at diagnosis. Two patients underwent biopsy at time of recurrence. Of the 90 patients, 52 received radiation as part of their initial therapy following diagnosis (early-RT group). The overall five-year PFS and OS rates +/- SE were 56% +/- 5% and 90% +/- 3%, respectively. Ten-year PFS and OS rates were 42% +/- 6% and 81% +/- 5%, respectively. For patients older than three years and without GTRs, administration of early radiation did not appear to influence PFS or OS (P = 0.98 and P = 0.40, respectively; log-rank test). This was confirmed by multivariate analyses (P = 0.95 and P = 0.33 for PFS and OS, respectively). Of the 11 patients with GTRs, disease progressed in only two, and all were alive with no evidence of disease at last follow-up. Patients who underwent GTRs had significantly longer PFS (P = 0.02), but did not have significantly improved OS. Excellent long-term survival rates were achieved for children with WHO grade II LGGs. We were unable to demonstrate a benefit for administering radiation as part of initial treatment. An outcome benefit was seen with greater extent of resection.

Download full-text


Available from: Michael Prados, Jul 08, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pediatric CNS tumors are the most common solid tumors of childhood and the second most common cancer after hematological malignancies accounting for approximate 20 to 25% of all primary pediatric tumors. With over 3,000 new cases per year in the United States, childhood CNS tumors are the leading cause of death related to cancer in this population. The prognosis for these patients has improved over the last few decades, but current therapies continue to carry a high risk of significant side effects, especially for the very young. Currently a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy is often used in children greater than 3 years of age. This article will outline current and future therapeutic strategies for the most common pediatric CNS tumors, including primitive neuroectodermal tumors such as medulloblastoma, as well as astrocytomas and ependymomas.
    Neurotherapeutics 08/2009; 6(3):570-86. DOI:10.1016/j.nurt.2009.04.006 · 5.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of radiotherapy in pediatric low-grade glioma (LGG) is controversial, especially for young patients. We conducted a phase II trial of conformal radiation therapy (CRT) to estimate disease control by using a 10-mm clinical target volume (CTV) margin. Between August 1997 and August 2006, 78 pediatric patients with LGG and a median age of 8.9 years (range, 2.2 to 19.8 years) received 54 Gy CRT by using a 10-mm CTV and by targeting with systematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) registration. Tumor locations were diencephalon (n = 58), cerebral hemisphere (n = 3), and cerebellum (n = 17). Sixty-seven patients had documented or presumed WHO grade 1 tumors, 25 patients had prior chemotherapy, and 13 patients had neurofibromatosis type 1. During a median follow-up of 89 months, 13 patients experienced disease progression. One patient experienced marginal treatment failure, eight experienced local failures, and four experienced metastatic failure. The mean and standard error 5- and 10-year event-free (87.4% +/- 4.4% and 74.3% +/- 15.4%, respectively) and overall (98.5% +/- 1.6% and 95.9% +/- 5.8%, respectively) survival rates were determined. The mean and standard error cumulative incidences of local failure at 5 and 10 years were 8.7% +/- 3.5% and 16.4% +/- 5.4%, respectively. The mean and standard error cumulative incidence of vasculopathy was 4.79% +/- 2.73% at 6 years, and it was higher for those younger than 5 years of age (P = .0105) at the time of CRT. This large, prospective series of irradiated children with LGG demonstrates that CRT with a 10-mm CTV does not compromise disease control. The results suggest that CRT should be delayed in young patients to reduce the risk of vasculopathy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2009; 27(22):3598-604. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2008.20.9494 · 18.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intramedullary spinal cord low-grade gliomas (LGGs) are rare CNS neoplasms in pediatric patients, and there is little information on therapy for and outcome of these tumors in this population. Furthermore, most patient series combine adult and pediatric patients or high- and low-grade tumors, resulting in controversial data regarding optimal treatment of these children. To clarify these issues, the authors performed a regional population-based study of spinal cord LGGs in pediatric patients. All pediatric patients with LGGs treated during the MR imaging era (1985-2007) were identified in the comprehensive database of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. Data on demographics, pathology, treatment details, and outcomes were collected. Spinal cord LGGs in pediatric patients constituted 29 (4.6%) of 635 LGGs. Epidemiological and clinical data in this cohort were different than in patients with other spinal tumors and strikingly similar to data from pediatric patients with intracranial LGGs. The authors observed an age peak at 2 years and a male predominance in patients with these tumors. Histological testing revealed a Grade I astrocytoma in 86% of tumors. Although 5-year progression-free survival for the entire group was 48 +/- 9%, all patients were alive at a median follow-up of 8.2 years. Five-year progression-free survival was 88 +/- 13% for patients undergoing gross-total resection and 34 +/- 11% for those undergoing all other therapies, respectively (p = 0.02). Chemotherapy and radiation therapy showed similar efficacy, achieving sustained tumor control in most patients. However, this excellent survival rate was associated with an 83% rate of significant neurological and orthopedic sequelae. This study provides basic data on the incidence, clinical course, and outcome of spinal cord LGGs in pediatric patients. The similarities between spinal and intracranial LGGs in pediatric patients showing excellent survival but high morbidity suggest that a less aggressive approach may be the preferable treatment option for these patients.
    Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 09/2009; 4(3):254-61. DOI:10.3171/2009.4.PEDS08411 · 1.48 Impact Factor
Show more

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on ResearchGate. Read our cookies policy to learn more.