Pharmacological profile of SMP-797, a novel acyl-coenzyme a: cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor with inducible effect on the expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor.
ABSTRACT We investigated the pharmacological profile of SMP-797, a novel hypocholesterolemic agent. SMP-797 showed inhibitory effects on acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activities in various microsomes and in human cell lines, and hypocholesterolemic effects in rabbits fed a cholesterol-rich diet and hamsters fed a normal diet. In hamsters, the reduction of total cholesterol level by SMP-797 was mainly due to the decrease of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level rather than that of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol level. Interestingly, SMP-797 increased the hepatic low-density lipoprotein receptor expression in vivo when it decreased the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. SMP-797 also increased low-density lipoprotein receptor expression in HepG2 cells like atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, although other acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor had no effect. In addition, SMP-797 had no effect on cholesterol synthesis in HepG2 cells. These results suggested that the increase of low-density lipoprotein receptor expression by SMP-797 was independent of its acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitory action and did not result from the inhibition of hepatic cholesterol synthesis. In conclusion, these results suggest that SMP-797 is a novel hypocholesterolemic agent showing a cholesterol-lowering effect in which the increase of hepatic low-density lipoprotein receptor expression as well as the inhibition of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase is involved.
SourceAvailable from: Shigehiro Asano[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Based on 1,4-diarylpiperidine-4-methylureas, a new class of ACAT inhibitors, we examined in the study the SAR of a series of compounds prepared by replacing the substituent at the three aromatic parts. Introduction of long alkoxy group onto the phenyl moiety at the B-part was effective in improving both the inhibitory activity for ACAT and the up-regulatory activity for LDL-R expression. Particularly, 3-hydroxypropoxy group (43) on the phenyl moiety of B-part led to improved solubility, while keeping both biological activities. Compound 43 inhibited ACAT activity with an IC(50) value of 18 nM, which is superior to that of a known ACAT inhibitor, CI-1011. In addition, compound 43 revealed an LDL-R up-regulatory activity comparable to that of SMP-797. We therefore expect this compound to be a novel ACAT inhibitor.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 08/2009; 17(13):4636-46. DOI:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.04.059 · 2.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have previously reported compound 2 as a inhibitor of acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol O-acyltransferase (ACAT) and up-regulator of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) expression. In this study we focused on compound 2, a unique LDL-R up-regulator, and describe the discovery of a novel class of up-regulators of LDL-R. Replacement the methylene urea linker in compound 2 with an acylsulfonamide linker kept a potent LDL-R up-regulatory activity, and subsequent optimization work gave compound 39 as a highly potent LDL-R up-regulator (39; EC(25) = 0.047 microM). Compound 39 showed no ACAT inhibitory activity even at 1 microM. The sodium salts of compound 39 reduced plasma total and LDL cholesterol levels in a dose-dependent manner in an experimental animal model of hyperlipidemia. Moreover, we revealed in this study using RNA interference that autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia (ARH), an adaptor protein of LDL-R, is essential for compound 39 up-regulation of LDL-R expression.Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/2010; 53(8):3284-95. DOI:10.1021/jm901909p · 5.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A family of 1,4-diarylpiperidine-4-methylureas were designed and synthesized as novel dual effectors on ACAT and LDL receptor expression. We examined SAR of the synthesized compounds focusing on substitution at the three aromatic parts of the starting compound 1 and succeeded in identifying essential substituents for inhibition of ACAT and up-regulation of hepatic LDL receptor expression. Especially, we found that compound 12f, which can easily be prepared, has biological properties comparable to those of SMP-797, a promising ACAT inhibitor. In addition, the in vitro effects of 12f on lipid metabolism were substantially superior to those of a known ACAT inhibitor, Avasimibe.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2009; 19(4):1062-5. DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.01.020 · 2.33 Impact Factor