Covalent labeling of cell-surface proteins for in-vivo FRET studies
ABSTRACT Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a powerful technique to reveal interactions between membrane proteins in live cells. Fluorescence labeling for FRET is typically performed by fusion with fluorescent proteins (FP) with the drawbacks of a limited choice of fluorophores, an arduous control of donor-acceptor ratio and high background fluorescence arising from intracellular FPs. Here we show that these shortcomings can be overcome by using the acyl carrier protein labeling technique. FRET revealed interactions between cell-surface neurokinin-1 receptors simultaneously labeled with a controlled ratio of donors and acceptors. Moreover, using FRET the specific binding of fluorescent agonists could be monitored.
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ABSTRACT: Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) signals via a receptor complex consisting of the specific CNTF receptor (CNTFR) and two promiscuous signal transducers, gp130 and leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR). Whereas earlier studies suggested that the signaling complex is a hexamer, more recent analyses strongly support a tetrameric structure. However, all studies so far analyzed the stoichiometry of the CNTF receptor complex in vitro and not in the context of living cells. We generated and expressed in mammalian cells acyl carrier protein-tagged versions of both CNTF and CNTFR. After labeling CNTF and CNTFR with different dyes we analyzed their diffusion behavior at the cell surface. Fluorescence (cross) correlation spectroscopy (FCS/FCCS) measurements reveal that CNTFR diffuses with a diffusion constant of about 2 x 10(-9) cm(2) s(-1) independent of whether CNTF is bound or not. FCS and FCCS measurements detect the formation of receptor complexes containing at least two CNTFs and CNTFRs. In addition, we measured Förster-type fluorescence resonance energy transfer between two differently labeled CNTFs within a receptor complex indicating a distance of 5-7 nm between the two. These findings are not consistent with a tetrameric structure of the CNTFR complex suggesting that either hexamers and or even higher-order structures (e.g. an octamer containing two tetramers) are formed.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 06/2009; 1788(9):1890-900. DOI:10.1016/j.bbamem.2009.05.013 · 4.66 Impact Factor
Article: Imaging of cell migration.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cell migration is an essential process during many phases of development and adult life. Cells can either migrate as individuals or move in the context of tissues. Movement is controlled by internal and external signals, which activate complex signal transduction cascades resulting in highly dynamic and localised remodelling of the cytoskeleton, cell-cell and cell-substrate interactions. To understand these processes, it will be necessary to identify the critical structural cytoskeletal components, their spatio-temporal dynamics as well as those of the signalling pathways that control them. Imaging plays an increasingly important and powerful role in the analysis of these spatio-temporal dynamics. We will highlight a variety of imaging techniques and their use in the investigation of various aspects of cell motility, and illustrate their role in the characterisation of chemotaxis in Dictyostelium and cell movement during gastrulation in chick embryos in more detail.The EMBO Journal 09/2006; 25(15):3480-93. DOI:10.1038/sj.emboj.7601227 · 10.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lateral mobility of AMPA-type glutamate receptors as well as their trafficking between plasma membrane and intracellular compartments are major mechanisms for the regulation of synaptic plasticity. Here we applied a recently established labeling technique in combination with lentiviral expression in hippocampal neurons to label individual ACP-tagged AMPA receptor subunits specifically at the surface of neurons. We show that this technique allows the differential labeling of two receptor subunits on the same cell. Moreover, these subunits are integrated into heteromeric receptors together with endogenous subunits, and these labeled receptors are targeted to active synapses. Sequential labeling experiments indicate that there is basal surface insertion of GluR1, GluR2 and GluR3, and that this insertion is strongly increased following potassium depolarization. Moreover, we found that ACP-labeled GluR3 shows the highest surface mobility among GluR1, GluR2, and GluR3. In double-infected neurons the diffusion coefficient of labeled GluR2 at the surface of living neurons is significantly higher in GluR2/GluR3-infected neurons compared to GluR1/GluR2-infected neurons suggesting a higher mobility of GluR2/3 receptors compared to GluR1/2 receptors. These results indicate that surface mobility is regulated by different subunit compositions of AMPA receptors.European Journal of Cell Biology 07/2008; 87(10):763-78. DOI:10.1016/j.ejcb.2008.02.014 · 3.70 Impact Factor