Article

Models of blood coagulation

Department of Biochemistry, 208 South Park Drive, Suite 2, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Colchester, VT 05446, USA.
Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases (Impact Factor: 2.33). 05/2000; 36(2):108-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2005.12.034
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our research aims to provide quantitatively transparent, biologically realistic descriptions of the processes involved in hemostasis which will permit predictions of the behavior of the coagulation system in normal and pathologic states. We use four models of coagulation: (1) numerical approximations of the tissue factor (Tf) pathway of thrombin generation based upon mechanism and dynamics; (2) Tf activation of the "blood coagulation proteome" from isolated cells and proteins; (3) Tf activated contact pathway inhibited whole blood in vitro; and (4) blood shed from standardized microvascular wounds in vivo. The results from these models are integrated in interactive assessments aimed at achieving convergence of biochemical rigor and biological authenticity. Microvascular injury is the most biologically secure but least accessible to mechanistic study. Numerical models while quantitatively transparent are biologically limited. By the integrated analyses of all four models, we establish observations which require inclusion or discovery of new parameters to achieve mechanistically interpretable biological reality. Discoveries made in this fashion have included thrombin's role in the initiation phase, TFPI/ATIII/APC synergy interactions, rfVIIa in fVII deficiency, the roles of fVIII and fIX in the Tf reaction, and the cleavage of fIX by fXa membrane. Ideally, our results will provide descriptions which predict the behavior of the biological blood coagulation system under normal and pathologic conditions.

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