Three cases of appendicitis associated with presence of Schistosoma haematobium eggs in the appendix tissue are reported. The patients (two males and one female) were all from Ghana and had immigrated to Italy a few years previously. It is difficult to attribute the cause of the appendicitis to the parasite; it is more probable that the appendicular location of the eggs occurred accidentally many years earlier in an endemic zone of the country of origin, and that recently bacterial agents were able to provoke the present appendicitis. Since it is probable that with the increase in the number of immigrants to Europe from endemic countries (sub-Saharan Africa in particular) other similar cases may occur, it is important that the surgeon and the pathologist be aware of this pathology, which has so far been considered unusual.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether there is an association between the presence of schistosoma haematobium ova in the appendix and histologically confirmed acute appendicitis in patients with a clinical diagnosis of appendicitis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the world increasingly becoming a global village, transnational and transcontinental migration has become the order of the day. It is expected that migrants will take with them some diseases (including parasites) which are normally endemic in their countries of origin, to their host countries. Similarly, environmental changes that result from development of water resources, global warming, growth and migration of population can facilitate the spread of parasites. In this review we describe the epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis and treatment options of parasites that urologists may encounter. Notably among these parasites are Schistosoma haematobium, Echinococcus granulosus, Wuchereria bancrofti and Onchocerca volvulus.
Urologia Internationalis 07/2008; 81(1):1-13. DOI:10.1159/000137633 · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High prevalence and intensity of infection with anisakid larvae has been reported in commercially important fish in Spain. Likewise, Kudoa-infected fish have lately been detected in both fresh and frozen fish. In the present study the possible relation between appendectomy and specific antibodies to these fish parasites was investigated. One hundred and sixty patients were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups of eighty patients each and matched for sex and age: Group 1 (appendectomized) and Group 2 (control group). Total immunoglobulins (Ig's), IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE against Anisakis simplex or Kudoa sp. antigens were analysed by ELISA. The mean values of the specific antibodies were lower in the appendectomy group, although significant differences were not observed in the case of IgG, IgA and IgE anti-A. simplex and IgE anti-Kudoa sp. In summary, appendectomy significantly decreased serum specific immunoglobulin levels against these food borne parasite antigens. This decrease was detectable from three months to three years post-appendectomy. It is necessary to study the influence of the surgical removal of other important parts of the GALT on these anti-parasite humoral immune responses.
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