The Impact of E-Learning in Medical Education

Division of Gerontology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.
Academic Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.93). 04/2006; 81(3):207-12. DOI: 10.1097/00001888-200603000-00002
Source: PubMed


The authors provide an introduction to e-learning and its role in medical education by outlining key terms, the components of e-learning, the evidence for its effectiveness, faculty development needs for implementation, evaluation strategies for e-learning and its technology, and how e-learning might be considered evidence of academic scholarship. E-learning is the use of Internet technologies to enhance knowledge and performance. E-learning technologies offer learners control over content, learning sequence, pace of learning, time, and often media, allowing them to tailor their experiences to meet their personal learning objectives. In diverse medical education contexts, e-learning appears to be at least as effective as traditional instructor-led methods such as lectures. Students do not see e-learning as replacing traditional instructor-led training but as a complement to it, forming part of a blended-learning strategy. A developing infrastructure to support e-learning within medical education includes repositories, or digital libraries, to manage access to e-learning materials, consensus on technical standardization, and methods for peer review of these resources. E-learning presents numerous research opportunities for faculty, along with continuing challenges for documenting scholarship. Innovations in e-learning technologies point toward a revolution in education, allowing learning to be individualized (adaptive learning), enhancing learners' interactions with others (collaborative learning), and transforming the role of the teacher. The integration of e-learning into medical education can catalyze the shift toward applying adult learning theory, where educators will no longer serve mainly as the distributors of content, but will become more involved as facilitators of learning and assessors of competency.

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Available from: Michael J Mintzer, Oct 20, 2014
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    • "According to Liaw (2008) and Liaw, Huang, and Chen (2007), e-learning tools, with relevant multi-media instructions and well-designed interactive learning activities, have positive effects on learners' attitudes. Law, Lee, and Yu (2010) and Ruiz, Mintzer, and Leipzig (2006) observed a positive effect of e-learning tools on student learning across academic disciplines. With the advancement of cloud-based systems, it is possible to integrate a real-time PRS, online note-taking function and multi-media instructions into one online platform. "
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    • "Electronic learning (e-learning) can be defined as the delivery of information and instructions to individuals with the utilization of computer and internet technologies to promote learning [1], [2]. The e-learning approach has foster changes on how individuals learn as opposed to the traditional education methods and provide many benefits such as increased accessibility to information, control over standardization content, learning sequence, and pace of learning, and personalized instruction [3], [4]. Although e-learning have so many advantages to offer, there are still some deficiencies of its own such as high cost for desktops, large area for desktop setting, and allowing access of learning materials only at a fixed location. "

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