Long-term psychosocial effects of parental divorce: a follow-up study from adolescence to adulthood.

National Public Health Institute, Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland.
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 3.36). 07/2006; 256(4):256-63. DOI: 10.1007/s00406-006-0641-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this 16-year follow-up study was to investigate whether 32-year-old adults who had experienced parental divorce before 16 years of age (n = 317) differed in psychosocial well-being or life trajectories from those from non-divorced two-parent families (n = 1069).
The data were obtained from a follow-up survey of a Finnish urban age cohort from the age of 16 till 32 years (n = 1471). The long-term impact of parental divorce on a variety of outcomes in adulthood, including psychological well-being, life situation, health behaviour, social networks and support, negative life events and interpersonal problems, was assessed.
Females from divorced compared to non-divorced families reported more psychological problems (higher scores in the Beck Depression Inventory, General Health Questionnaire and Psychosomatic Symptoms Score) and more problems in their interpersonal relationships. These differences were not found among males. Shorter education,unemployment, divorce, negative life events and more risky health behaviour were more common among subjects of both genders with a background of parental divorce.
The study revealed that parental divorce is an indicator of sufficient stress in childhood for its influences to persist well into adulthood, possibly with wider scope among females. It is important to recognise specific needs of children in the divorce process in order to prevent or minimize negative consequences and chain reactions during their subsequent life.


Available from: Taina Huurre, Feb 10, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the variation in heavy drinking and alcohol dependence by living arrangements, and the contribution of social and behavioural factors to this variation. The Health 2000 survey is a nationally representative cross-sectional survey conducted in Finland in 2000-2001 (N = 4589 in the age-range of 30-54 years, response rate 81%). Living arrangements; married, cohabiting, living with other(s) than a partner, and living alone. Consumption of beer, wine and spirits in the past month was converted into grams of alcohol/week, and heavy drinking was classified as > or =280 (men) and > or =140 (women) grams/week. Twelve-month prevalence of alcohol dependence was diagnosed by a mental health interview (CIDI). As compared to the married, cohabiting and living alone associated with heavy drinking (age-adjusted OR; 95% CI: 1.71;1.17-2.49 and OR 2.15;1.55-3.00 in men; OR 1.54;0.96-2.46 and OR 1.67;1.07-2.63 in women) and alcohol dependence (OR 2.29;1.44-3.64 and OR 3.66;2.39-5.59 in men; OR 2.56;1.10-5.94 and OR 4.43;2.03-9.64 in women). Living with other(s) than a partner associated with heavy drinking. Those who cohabited without children or lived alone had the highest odds for alcohol dependence. Among both genders, adjusting for main activity and financial difficulties attenuated the odds for heavy drinking and alcohol dependence by approximately 5-30% each, and additionally among women adjusting for urbanisation attenuated the odds for heavy drinking by approximately 15-45%. Cohabiting and living alone are associated with heavy drinking and alcohol dependence. Unemployment, financial difficulties and low social support, and among women also living in an urban area, seem to contribute to the excess risk.
    Alcohol and Alcoholism 02/2007; 42(5):480-91. DOI:10.1093/alcalc/agm011 · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about mental disorders and related factors in college students from nontraditional families in China. We administered the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (Chinese version) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R; Chinese version) to 3,338 college students, 2,745 from traditional families and 593 from nontraditional families. The results showed that students in a stepfamily had the highest SCL-90-R scores, and students in an adoptive family had the lowest scores. The SCL-90-R factor scores were negatively correlated with current cohesion and adaptability scores. Poor economic status and loneliness were independent risk factors, and high current cohesion and adaptability were preventive factors for mental disorders. These findings indicate that reducing poverty and loneliness, and maintaining good family functioning may decrease the risk of mental disorders among college students.
    Social Behavior and Personality An International Journal 02/2015; 43(1). DOI:10.2224/sbp.2015.43.1.167 · 0.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Summary Bone health may be negatively impacted by childhood socio-environmental circumstances. We examined the independent associations of single-parent childhood and parental death or divorce in childhood with adult bone strength indices. Longer exposure to a single-parent household in childhood was associated with lower bone strength in adulthood. Introduction Because peak bone mass is acquired during childhood, bone health may be negatively impacted by childhood socio-environmental disadvantage. The goal of this study was to determine whether being raised in a single-parent household is associated with lower bone strength in adulthood. Methods Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data from 708 participants (mean age 57 years) in the Midlife in the United States Biomarker Project, we examined the independent associations of composite indices of femoral neck bone strength relative to load (in three failure modes: compression, bending, and impact) in adulthood with the experience of single-parent childhood and parental death or divorce in childhood. Results After adjustment for gender, race, menopause transition stage, age, and body mass index, each additional year of single-parent childhood was associated with 0.02 to 0.03 SD lower indices of adult femoral neck strength. In those with 9–16 years of single-parent childhood, the compression strength index was 0.41 SD lower, bending strength index was 0.31 SD lower, and impact strength index was 0.25 SD lower (all p values Conclusions Independent of parental death or divorce, growing up in a single-parent household is associated with lower femoral neck bone strength in adulthood, and this association is not entirely explained by childhood or adult socioeconomic conditions or lifestyle choices.
    Osteoporosis International 12/2014; 26(3). DOI:10.1007/s00198-014-2990-0 · 4.17 Impact Factor