Frameless image-guided stereotactic brain biopsy procedure: diagnostic yield, surgical morbidity, and comparison with the frame-based technique.
ABSTRACT The gold standard for stereotactic brain biopsy target localization has been frame-based stereotaxy. Recently, frameless stereotactic techniques have become increasingly utilized. Few authors have evaluated this procedure, analyzed preoperative predictors of diagnostic yield, or explored the differences in diagnostic yield and morbidity rate between the frameless and frame-based techniques.
A consecutive series of 110 frameless and 160 frame-based image-guided stereotactic biopsy procedures was reviewed. Associated variables for both techniques were reviewed and compared. All stereotactic biopsy procedures were included in a risk factor analysis of nondiagnostic biopsy sampling. Frameless stereotaxy led to a diagnostic yield of 89%, with a total permanent morbidity rate of 6% and a mortality rate of 1%. Larger lesions were fivefold more likely to yield diagnostic tissues. Deep-seated lesions were 2.7-fold less likely to yield diagnostic tissues compared with cortical lesions. Frameless compared with frame-based stereotactic biopsy procedures showed no significant differences in diagnostic yield or transient or permanent morbidity. For cortical lesions, more than one needle trajectory was required more frequently to obtain diagnostic tissues with frame-based as opposed to frameless stereotaxy, although this factor was not associated with morbidity.
With regard to diagnostic yield and complication rate, the frameless stereotactic biopsy procedure was found to be comparable to or better than the frame-based method. Smaller and deep-seated lesions together were risk factors for a nondiagnostic tissue yield. Frameless stereotaxy may represent a more efficient means of obtaining biopsy specimens of cortical lesions but is otherwise similar to the frame-based technique.
SourceAvailable from: Ricard Valero[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the diagnostic yield and the incidence of perioperative complications in patients undergoing an open or closed cerebral biopsy and to determine the length of intensive care monitoring, for early diagnosis and fast management of perioperative complications. This was a retrospective analysis of all the patients that underwent brain biopsy between January 2006 and July 2012. We recorded demographic data, comorbidities, modality of biopsy, intraoperative clinical data, histological results, computed tomography scanning findings and occurrence, and type of perioperative complications and moment of appearance. Seventy-six brain biopsies in 75 consecutive patients (51 closed and 25 open) were analysed. Diagnostic yield was 98% for closed biopsies and 96% for open biopsies. Mortality related to the procedures was 3.9 and 4%, respectively. The incidence of major complications was 3.9% for closed biopsies and 8% for open biopsies; half of these appeared within the first 24 postoperative hours, during patient stay in the Intensive Care Unit. Age was the only risk factor for complications (P=.04) in our study. No differences in morbimortality were found between the studied groups. Diagnostic yield was very high in our series. Because the importance of early diagnosis of complications for preventing long-term sequelae, we recommend overnight hospital stay for observation after open or closed brain biopsy. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.Neurocirugia (Asturias, Spain) 12/2014; · 0.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Formalin fixation under conditions that adversely affected the quality of the DNA, or indeterminant assay, or extensive tumor necrosis can compromise the genetic analysis of a brain bioptic sample. The success of DNA extraction and Methyl Guanine Methyl Transferase (MGMT) promoter methylation testing could be improved by freezing of fresh tumor tissue at the moment of biopsy. To ensure an increased concentration of the DNA samples the withdrawal should be performed in an area with high probability of neoplastic cells. From May 2007 to January 2011 fifty-two frameless neuronavigation brain needle biopsy were performed at the Neurosurgery Unit of the “Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova” City Hospital of Reggio Emilia. The “image-guided” neuronavigated protocol sampling provided withdrawal specimens highly correlated with neuroimaging characteristics of the lesions. In this study the Authors report the genetic analysis on 24 cases of freezing fresh tissue from brain needle bioptic sample starting from July 2008. The molecular determination of MGMT promoter was assessed with the Nested-Methylation Specific-Polymerase Chain Reaction on fresh or cryopreserved needle bioptic tissue. The genetic characterization was feasible in all the bioptic samples. The MGMT promoter was methylated in eleven patients, including a brain infection. The diagnostic yield of brain biopsy could be increased by the neuronavigated trajectories and the intraoperative frozen sections. In the future the availability of the molecular- genetic characterization of a brain tumor before open surgery will provide important information for the optimal treatment. The MGMT promoter status analysis on needle bioptic fresh tissue could be available also for that patient not eligible for surgical remotion of the tumor.International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 04/2011; 24(2 s):37-43. · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: It is well known that primary and secondary glioblastomas are histologically largely indistinguishable. Therefore, the detection of IDH1 mutations or the status of the MGMT promoter on a simple bioptic sample could be one of major diagnostic and prognostic importance for glial patients that complements clinical criteria for distinguishing secondary from primary glioblastomas and to predict a more favorable prognosis. Currently, biopsy is the method of choice to obtain tissue from intracranial lesions with uncertain neurodiagnostic findings or in deep locations, with a minimal invasive approach. The needle biopsy with frameless neuronavigation could provide a sampling with elevated diagnostic yield and high concentration of DNA, due to the “image-guided” computer assisted technique of needle insertion through the most neurodiagnostic representative tumoral area. The freezing of fresh tumor tissue at biopsy could greatly improve the success of DNA extraction. The concentration of the DNA samples can also improved from a withdrawal in an area with high probability of neoplastic cells. The present study reports the results of 17 patients who had undergone frameless image-guided intracranial needle biopsy from April 2008 until July 2010 at Neurosurgery Unit of the “Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova” of Reggio Emilia. For these patients the molecular determination of MGMT promoter was assessed with the Nested-Methylation Specific-Polymerase Chain Reaction and the screening of mutations in IDH1 e IDH2 genes was performer by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing on fresh or cryopreserved needle bioptic tissue.International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 04/2011; 24(2 s):45-50. · 2.51 Impact Factor