Article

A novel member of the IkappaB family, human IkappaB-zeta, inhibits transactivation of p65 and its DNA binding.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 06/2006; 281(18):12645-54. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M511956200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel member of the IkappaB family, human IkappaB-zeta, was identified by a differential screening approach of apoptosis-sensitive and -resistant tumor cells. The protein consists of 6 ankyrin repeats at its COOH terminus and shares about 30% identity with other IkappaB members. IkappaB-zeta associates with both the p65 and p50 subunit of NF-kappaB and inhibits the transcriptional activity as well as the DNA binding of the transcription factor. Interestingly, IkappaB-zeta is localized in the nucleus where it aggregates in matrix-associated deacetylase bodies, indicating that IkappaB-zeta regulates nuclear NF-kappaB activity rather than its nuclear translocation from the cytoplasm. IkappaB-zeta expression itself was regulated by NF-kappaB, suggesting that its activity is controlled in a negative feedback loop. Unlike classical IkappaB proteins, IkappaB-zeta was not degraded upon cell stimulation. Treatment with tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and lipopolysaccharide induced a strong induction of IkappaB-zeta transcripts. Expression of IkappaB-zeta was detected in different tissues including lung, liver, and in leukocytes but not in the brain. Suppression of endogenous IkappaB-zeta by RNA interference rendered cells more resistant to apoptosis, whereas overexpression of IkappaB-zeta was sufficient to induce cell death. Our results, therefore, suggest that IkappaB-zeta functions as an additional regulator of NF-kappaB activity and, hence, provides another control level for the activation of NF-kappaB-dependent target genes.

1 Bookmark
 · 
101 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antibody responses have been classified as being either T-cell-dependent (TD) or T-cell-independent (TI). TI antibody responses are further classified as being either type 1 (TI-1) or type 2 (TI-2), depending on their requirement for B-cell-mediated antigen receptor signaling. Although the mechanistic basis of antibody responses has been studied extensively, it remains unclear whether different antibody responses share similarities in their transcriptional regulation. Here, we show that mice deficient in IκB-ζ, specifically in their B cells, have impaired TI-1 antibody responses but normal TD and TI-2 antibody responses. The absence of IκB-ζ in B cells also impaired proliferation triggered by Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation, plasma cell differentiation, and class switch recombination (CSR). Mechanistically, IκB-ζ-deficient B cells could not induce TLR-mediated induction of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), a class-switch DNA recombinase. Retroviral transduction of AID in IκB-ζ-deficient B cells restored CSR activity. Furthermore, acetylation of histone H3 in the vicinity of the transcription start site of the gene that encodes AID was reduced in IκB-ζ-deficient B cells relative to IκB-ζ-expressing B cells. These results indicate that IκB-ζ regulates TLR-mediated CSR by inducing AID. Moreover, IκB-ζ defines differences in the transcriptional regulation of different antibody responses.
    The Journal of biological chemistry. 08/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For a rapid induction and efficient resolution of the inflammatory response, gene expression in cells of the immune system is tightly regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level. The control of mRNA translation has emerged as an important determinant of protein levels, yet its role in macrophage activation is not well understood. We systematically analyzed the contribution of translational regulation to the early phase of the macrophage response by polysome fractionation from mouse macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Individual mRNAs whose translation is specifically regulated during macrophage activation were identified by microarray analysis. Stimulation with LPS for 1 h caused translational activation of many feedback inhibitors of the inflammatory response including NF-κB inhibitors (Nfkbid, Nfkbiz, Nr4a1, Ier3), a p38 MAPK antagonist (Dusp1) and post-transcriptional suppressors of cytokine expression (Zfp36 and Zc3h12a). Our analysis showed that their translation is repressed in resting and de-repressed in activated macrophages. Quantification of mRNA levels at a high temporal resolution by RNASeq allowed us to define groups with different expression patterns. Thereby, we were able to distinguish mRNAs whose translation is actively regulated from mRNAs whose polysomal shifts are due to changes in mRNA levels. Active up-regulation of translation was associated with a higher content in AU-rich elements (AREs). For one example, Ier3 mRNA, we show that repression in resting cells as well as de-repression after stimulation depends on the ARE. Bone-marrow derived macrophages from Ier3 knockout mice showed reduced survival upon activation, indicating that IER3 induction protects macrophages from LPS-induced cell death. Taken together, our analysis reveals that translational control during macrophage activation is important for cellular survival as well as the expression of anti-inflammatory feedback inhibitors that promote the resolution of inflammation.
    PLoS Genetics 06/2014; 10(6):e1004368. · 8.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose:Colorectal cancer is an important cause of mortality in the developed world. Hereditary forms are due to germ-line mutations in APC, MUTYH, and the mismatch repair genes, but many cases present familial aggregation but an unknown inherited cause. The hypothesis of rare high-penetrance mutations in new genes is a likely explanation for the underlying predisposition in some of these familial cases.Methods:Exome sequencing was performed in 43 patients with colorectal cancer from 29 families with strong disease aggregation without mutations in known hereditary colorectal cancer genes. Data analysis selected only very rare variants (0-0.1%), producing a putative loss of function and located in genes with a role compatible with cancer. Variants in genes previously involved in hereditary colorectal cancer or nearby previous colorectal cancer genome-wide association study hits were also chosen.Results:Twenty-eight final candidate variants were selected and validated by Sanger sequencing. Correct family segregation and somatic studies were used to categorize the most interesting variants in CDKN1B, XRCC4, EPHX1, NFKBIZ, SMARCA4, and BARD1.Conclusion:We identified new potential colorectal cancer predisposition variants in genes that have a role in cancer predisposition and are involved in DNA repair and the cell cycle, which supports their putative involvement in germ-line predisposition to this neoplasm.Genet Med advance online publication 24 July 2014Genetics in Medicine (2014); doi:10.1038/gim.2014.89.
    Genetics in medicine: official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics 07/2014; · 3.92 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
0 Downloads
Available from
Jan 29, 2015