Association of depression and anxiety disorders with weight change in a prospective community-based study of children followed up into adulthood
ABSTRACT To investigate childhood to adulthood weight change associated with anxiety and depression.
The Children in the Community Study. A prospective longitudinal investigation.
Albany and Saratoga Counties, New York.
Eight hundred twenty individuals (403 females and 417 males) assessed at 4 time points: in 1983 when they were 9 to 18 years old (n = 776), in 1985 to 1986 when they were 11 to 22 years old (n = 775), in 1991 to 1994 when they were 17 to 28 years old (n = 776), and in 2001 to 2003 when they were 28 to 40 years old (n = 661).
Anxiety disorders and depression assessed by structured diagnostic interview.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention body mass index z score (BMIz), a measure of weight status; and association of anxiety and depression with BMIz level and annual change.
In females, anxiety disorders were associated with higher weight status, a BMIz of 0.13 (95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.25) units higher compared with females without anxiety disorders. Female depression was associated with a gain in BMIz of 0.09 units/y (95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.15 units/y), modified by the age when depression was first observed, such that early depression onset was associated with a higher subsequent BMIz than depression onset at older ages. In males, childhood depression was associated with a lower BMIz (-0.46; 95% confidence interval, -0.93 to 0.02 units lower at the age of 9 years), but BMIz trajectories for males with or without depression converged in adulthood; male anxiety disorders were not substantively associated with weight status.
Anxiety disorders and depression were associated with a higher BMIz in females, whereas these disorders in males were not associated with a higher BMIz. These results, if causal and confirmed in other prospective studies, support treating female anxiety and depression as part of comprehensive obesity prevention efforts.
SourceAvailable from: Nima Gharahdaghi[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: effects of sedentary on self-esteem and body fat mass among students of the University of Tehran is the main objective of the present study. all students of Tehran University were selected as subject of the study, 320 of whom were selected through the simple randomized sampling method. Findings of this study showed that 62 and 38 percent of students were under sedentary and enough mobility study respectively. Furthermore, findings of the study showed that total average body fat mass of subjects was 26.14 percent (S.D±6.53). Regarding self-esteem among students, findings showed that 79 percent of whole students were found with high self-esteem while 21 percent of whom were found with low self-esteem. Independent T-Test and Pearson Correlation were used for analyzing the data. The average physical activity rate at the present study showed that there is significant difference between physical activity rate of men and women. With due observance to all findings, the present study showed that the difference of fat mass between sedentary and sufficient mobility individuals is not significant. The results of findings showed that any significant relation was not obtained between activity rate, high self-esteem and low-esteem.
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ABSTRACT: Adolescence is often a challenging time, and these challenges become more daunting for children who live in poverty. Access to health care is an issue for these teens, and limited funds as well as the ability to get to health centers create further barriers, especially for preventive health care services. Adolescents today face many health care issues that will have a profound effect on their lives. The increased incidence of obesity and the subsequent morbidities such as type 2 diabetes will have lifelong effects on their health. The rising incidence of significant mental health disorders affects not only their ability to be successful in school but also their capability to function as independent adults. School-based health centers (SBHCs) are an innovative health delivery model that is ideally situated to address these morbidities. This article summarizes the health problems teens are facing in 2007 and the creative ways some SBHCs have addressed these problems.The Journal for Nurse Practitioners 11/2007; 3(10):713-720. DOI:10.1016/j.nurpra.2007.08.025
Wellbeing 2011, International Conference Exploring Multi-dimensions of Well-being, Birmingham City University and the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA); 07/2011