Intracoronary bone marrow cell transfer after myocardial infarction - Eighteen months' follow-up data from the randomized, controlled BOOST (BOne marrOw transfer to enhance ST-elevation infarct regeneration) trial
ABSTRACT Intracoronary transfer of autologous bone marrow cells (BMCs) may enhance recovery of left ventricular (LV) function in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, clinical studies addressing the effects of BMCs after AMI have covered only limited time frames ranging from 3 to 6 months. The critical question of whether BMC transfer can have a sustained impact on LV function remains unanswered.
After percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI) of the infarct-related artery, 60 patients were randomized 1:1 to a control group with optimal postinfarction therapy and a BMC transfer group that also received an intracoronary BMC infusion 4.8+/-1.3 days after PCI. Cardiac MRI was performed 3.5+/-1.5 days, 6+/-1 months, and 18+/-6 months after PCI. BMC transfer was not associated with adverse clinical events. In the control group, mean global LV ejection fraction increased by 0.7 and 3.1 percentage points after 6 and 18 months, respectively. LV ejection fraction in the BMC transfer group increased by 6.7 and 5.9 percentage points. The difference in LVEF improvement between groups was significant after 6 months but not after 18 months (P=0.27). The speed of LV ejection fraction recovery over the course of 18 months was significantly higher in the BMC transfer group (P=0.001).
In this study, a single dose of intracoronary BMCs did not provide long-term benefit on LV systolic function after AMI compared with a randomized control group; however, the study suggests an acceleration of LV ejection fraction recovery after AMI by BMC therapy.
SourceAvailable from: Dom Sweeney
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cell therapy is promising as an exploratory cardiovascular therapy. We have recently developed an investigational new drug named Stempeucel (bone marrow-derived allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells) for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with ST-segment elevation. A phase I/II randomized, double-blind, single-dose study was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous administration of Stempeucel versus placebo (multiple electrolytes injection). Twenty patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention for AMI were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive intravenous Stempeucel or placebo and were followed for 2 years. The number of treatment-emergent adverse events observed were 18 and 21 in the Stempeucel and placebo groups, respectively. None of the adverse events were related to Stempeucel according to the investigators and independent data safety monitoring board. There was no serious adverse event in the Stempeucel group and there were three serious adverse events in the placebo group, of which one had a fatal outcome. Ejection fraction determined by use of echocardiography showed improvement in both Stempeucel (43.06% to 47.80%) and placebo (43.44% to 45.33%) groups at 6 months (P = 0.26). Perfusion scores measured by use of single-photon emission tomography and infarct volume measured by use of magnetic resonance imaging showed no significant differences between the two groups at 6 months. This study showed that Stempeucel was safe and well tolerated when administered intravenously in AMI patients 2 days after percutaneous coronary intervention. The optimal dose and route of administration needs further evaluation in larger clinical trials (http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00883727). Copyright © 2014 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Cytotherapy 12/2014; 17(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jcyt.2014.10.009 · 3.10 Impact Factor