Expression of the onconeural CV2/CRMP5 antigen in thymus and thymoma.
ABSTRACT Anti-CV2 antibodies (AB) react with the developmentally regulated neural proteins CRMPs and particularly with CRMP5. They occur with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and thymoma. SCLCs universally express CRMP5. We investigated the expression of CRMPs in thymoma and thymus. In thymoma, none of the CRMPs were detected by immunohistochemistry in tumorous epithelial cells with specific antibodies including CRMP5 but an antibody reacting with a peptide common to the CRMPs labeled a 66-kDa protein in Western blot of rat brain, thymus, and thymoma extracts. Thus, the normal CRMP5 is probably not expressed by tumorous epithelial cells. These results indicate that the mechanisms leading to CRMP5 autoimmunization are different in SCLC and thymoma.
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ABSTRACT: There is an increasing recognition of autoimmune limbic encephalopathy with the hope for earlier diagnosis and expedited and improved treatment. Although antibody testing remains the definitive clinical diagnostic feature, the presentation of a rapid dementia, behavioral changes, and seizures leads to investigation using cerebral imaging, electroencephalography, and cerebrospinal fluid to confirm the diagnosis and also to exclude similar disorders. The electroencephalographer may be asked to comment on the types of electroencephalography abnormality and provide input toward the diagnosis of limbic encephalopathy. This article reviews the literature on limbic paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic encephalopathies, providing descriptions and examples of the electroencephalography findings. Typically, there are patterns of slow theta and delta activity and different patterns of temporal and frontal epileptic activity.Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 10/2013; 30(5):490-504. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of high-grade neuroendocrine tumors has strong clinical relevance because it identifies patients at higher risk of an unfavorable outcome who should receive multimodal treatment. However, these tumors can be mistaken for poorly differentiated nonsmall cell carcinoma or carcinoid lung tumors. In fact, no immunohistochemical marker can currently distinguish between histologic lung subtypes. Because the collapsin response mediator protein (CRMP) family is involved in an autoimmune disease associated with small cell lung carcinoma, we explored the relationship between CRMP5 expression and lung tumor behavior. Using World Health Organization morphologic criteria, 123 lung neuroendocrine tumors and 41 randomly selected non-neuroendocrine tumors were classified. CRMP5 protein expression in tumors, metastases, and healthy lung tissue was assessed using immunostaining method. Strong and extensive CRMP5 expression was seen in 98.6% of high-grade neuroendocrine lung tumors, including small cell lung carcinoma and large cell lung neuroendocrine carcinoma, but not in any of the squamous cell carcinomas or lung adenocarcinomas in our series. In contrast, the majority of low-grade neuroendocrine lung tumors were negative for CRMP5 staining, although weak CRMP5 expression was seen in some, with 2 different staining patterns of either scattered positive cells or small foci of positive cells. Our findings point at CRMP5 as a novel marker for routine pathologic evaluation of lung tumors surgical samples in distinguishing between highly aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma and the other lung cancers.The American journal of surgical pathology 09/2008; 32(11):1699-708. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anti-Hu antibodies (Hu-Ab) and anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies (CV2/CRMP5-Ab) have been identified in association with paraneoplastic neurological disorders. However, it is not clear whether these antibodies are associated with specific neurological symptoms or are only markers of anti-cancer immune reaction. To address this question, 37 patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab and 324 patients with Hu-Ab were compared. Whereas the age and sex ratio were the same between the two groups, the distribution of neurological symptoms was not. Patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab presented more frequently cerebellar ataxia, chorea, uveo/retinal symptoms and myasthenic syndrome (Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome LEMS or myasthenia gravis). They also had a better Rankin score. In contrast, dysautonomia, brainstem encephalitis and peripheral neuropathy were more frequent in patients with Hu-Ab. Limbic encephalitis occurred similarly in both groups. Small-cell lung cancer was the most frequently associated tumour in both groups of patients, while malignant thymoma was observed only in patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab. In particular, patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab and thymoma developed myasthenic syndrome more frequently, while patients with SCLC developed neuropathies more frequently. Chorea and myasthenic syndrome were only seen in patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab. The median survival time was significantly longer in patients with CV2/CRMP5-Ab, and this effect was not dependent on the type of tumour. Interpretation: The data demonstrate that in patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndromes, the neurological symptoms and survival vary with both the type of associated onco-neural antibody and the type of tumour.Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 11/2008; 80(4):412-6. · 4.87 Impact Factor