Expression of the onconeural CV2/CRMP5 antigen in thymus and thymoma.
ABSTRACT Anti-CV2 antibodies (AB) react with the developmentally regulated neural proteins CRMPs and particularly with CRMP5. They occur with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and thymoma. SCLCs universally express CRMP5. We investigated the expression of CRMPs in thymoma and thymus. In thymoma, none of the CRMPs were detected by immunohistochemistry in tumorous epithelial cells with specific antibodies including CRMP5 but an antibody reacting with a peptide common to the CRMPs labeled a 66-kDa protein in Western blot of rat brain, thymus, and thymoma extracts. Thus, the normal CRMP5 is probably not expressed by tumorous epithelial cells. These results indicate that the mechanisms leading to CRMP5 autoimmunization are different in SCLC and thymoma.
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ABSTRACT: There is an increasing recognition of autoimmune limbic encephalopathy with the hope for earlier diagnosis and expedited and improved treatment. Although antibody testing remains the definitive clinical diagnostic feature, the presentation of a rapid dementia, behavioral changes, and seizures leads to investigation using cerebral imaging, electroencephalography, and cerebrospinal fluid to confirm the diagnosis and also to exclude similar disorders. The electroencephalographer may be asked to comment on the types of electroencephalography abnormality and provide input toward the diagnosis of limbic encephalopathy. This article reviews the literature on limbic paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic encephalopathies, providing descriptions and examples of the electroencephalography findings. Typically, there are patterns of slow theta and delta activity and different patterns of temporal and frontal epileptic activity.Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 10/2013; 30(5):490-504. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present a case with subacute limbic encephalitis (LE) and thymoma. Neither classical onconeural antibodies nor antibodies to voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC) were detected, but the serum was positive for anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). The patient serum also stained synaptic boutons of pyramidal cells and nuclei of granule cells of rat hippocampus. The objective of the study was to identify new antibodies associated with LE. Screening a cDNA expression library identified collapsin response mediator protein 3 (CRMP3), a protein involved in neurite outgrowth. The serum also reacted with both CRMP3 and CRMP4 by Western blot. Similar binding pattern of hippocampal granule cells was obtained with the patient serum and rabbit anti-serum against CRMP1-4. The CRMP1-4 antibodies stained neuronal nuclei of a biopsy from the patient's temporal lobe, but CRMP1-4 expression in thymoma could only be detected by immunoblotting. Absorption studies with recombinant GAD failed to abolish the staining of the hippocampal granule cells. Our findings illustrate that CRMP3-4 antibodies can be associated with LE and thymoma. This has previously been associated with CRMP5.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 07/2007; 149(1):16-22. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neurodegeneration develops in association with inflammation and demyelination in multiple sclerosis. Available data suggest that the progressive neuroaxonal loss begins in the earliest stages of the disease and underlies the accumulation of clinical disability. The loss of neurons and their processes is driven by a complex molecular mechanism involving cellular and humoral immune histotoxicity, demyelination, reduced neurotrophic support, metabolic impairment, and altered intracellular processes. Here we survey available data concerning the role of autoreactive immunoglobulins in neurotoxicity. A better understanding of molecular pathways leading to immune-mediated neurodegeneration may have key importance in the successful treatment of the disease.Laboratory Investigation 08/2008; 88(8):796-807. · 3.96 Impact Factor