Expression of the onconeural CV2/CRMP5 antigen in thymus and thymoma.
ABSTRACT Anti-CV2 antibodies (AB) react with the developmentally regulated neural proteins CRMPs and particularly with CRMP5. They occur with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and thymoma. SCLCs universally express CRMP5. We investigated the expression of CRMPs in thymoma and thymus. In thymoma, none of the CRMPs were detected by immunohistochemistry in tumorous epithelial cells with specific antibodies including CRMP5 but an antibody reacting with a peptide common to the CRMPs labeled a 66-kDa protein in Western blot of rat brain, thymus, and thymoma extracts. Thus, the normal CRMP5 is probably not expressed by tumorous epithelial cells. These results indicate that the mechanisms leading to CRMP5 autoimmunization are different in SCLC and thymoma.
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ABSTRACT: There is an increasing recognition of autoimmune limbic encephalopathy with the hope for earlier diagnosis and expedited and improved treatment. Although antibody testing remains the definitive clinical diagnostic feature, the presentation of a rapid dementia, behavioral changes, and seizures leads to investigation using cerebral imaging, electroencephalography, and cerebrospinal fluid to confirm the diagnosis and also to exclude similar disorders. The electroencephalographer may be asked to comment on the types of electroencephalography abnormality and provide input toward the diagnosis of limbic encephalopathy. This article reviews the literature on limbic paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic encephalopathies, providing descriptions and examples of the electroencephalography findings. Typically, there are patterns of slow theta and delta activity and different patterns of temporal and frontal epileptic activity.Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 10/2013; 30(5):490-504. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome associated with anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies are rare. Various clinical manifestations can occur, cerebellar ataxia, polyneuropathy, optic neuritis with NORB or uveitis. Small cell lung carcinoma is generally responsible. We report the case of a 64-year-old man who developed visual symptoms with papilledema, cerebellar signs, polyneuropathy confirmed with a neurophysiological studies. Anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies were present. A small cell lung carcinoma was responsible for this paraneoplastic syndrome revealing the cancer. The paraneoplastic syndrome improved with radio chemotherapy of the cancer alone. A paraneoplastic neurological syndrome must be evoked in case of an atypic neurological syndrome. This diagnostic can be confirmed by the presence of anti-neuronal antibodies. In this case, a small cells cancer of the lung must be research.Revue Neurologique 03/2012; 168(4):371-4. · 0.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neurodegeneration develops in association with inflammation and demyelination in multiple sclerosis. Available data suggest that the progressive neuroaxonal loss begins in the earliest stages of the disease and underlies the accumulation of clinical disability. The loss of neurons and their processes is driven by a complex molecular mechanism involving cellular and humoral immune histotoxicity, demyelination, reduced neurotrophic support, metabolic impairment, and altered intracellular processes. Here we survey available data concerning the role of autoreactive immunoglobulins in neurotoxicity. A better understanding of molecular pathways leading to immune-mediated neurodegeneration may have key importance in the successful treatment of the disease.Laboratory Investigation 08/2008; 88(8):796-807. · 3.96 Impact Factor