Effect of betel chewing, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption on oral submucous fibrosis: a case-control study in Sri Lanka.
ABSTRACT Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic, insidious, disabling potentially malignant condition of the oral mucosa seen predominantly in south and Southeast Asia. No reports are hitherto available on the aetiological factors of OSMF based on Sri Lankan patients.
A total of 74 patients with OSMF and 74 controls who consecutively attended the Oral Medicine clinic at the Dental Hospital (Teaching) Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka were included in the study. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to model the influence of betel chewing, smoking and alcohol use and to determine the effects of different combinations of chewing habits on OSMF.
Betel chewing was the only significantly associated factor in the aetiology of OSMF (OR = 171.83, 95% CI: 36.35-812.25). There were no interaction effects of chewing, smoking and alcohol consumption in the causation of OSMF.
The present study has shown a strong association of betel quid chewing (including tobacco as an ingredient) with the causation of OSMF.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This case-control study investigates the role of xenobiotic-metabolizing genes, including glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and 2E1 (CYP2E1), in the susceptibility to oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs).METHODS: The genotypes of GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, CYP1A1*2C, and CYP2E1 PstI/RsaI polymorphisms were determined for 217 OPMD cases and 492 age- and sex-matched controls from a Taiwanese penitentiary.RESULTS: Compared to the GSTM1-present genotype, the GSTM1-null genotype was significantly associated with increased risk of leukoplakia (odds ratio [OR]=1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.01-2.10). Similarly, compared to the CYP1A1*2C A/G+G/G genotype, the CYP1A1*2C A/A genotype was significantly associated with increased risk of leukoplakia (OR=1.64, 95% CI=1.12-2.40), particularly for smokers consuming > 13 pack-years of cigarettes (OR=2.40, 95% CI=1.40-4.11) (Interaction P=0.039). In addition, participants with 4-5 risk genotypes (OR > 1) experienced higher risks for leukoplakia than those with 0-1 risk genotypes (OR=3.19, 95% CI=1.65-6.15) (Trend test P=0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the CYP1A1*2C A/A genotype may increase the risk of leukoplakia, especially for heavy smokers. Xenobiotic-metabolizing genes may simultaneously modulate this disease risk. These observations require further confirmation with larger samples.Disease markers 02/2013; · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Areca nut (betel nut) consumption occurs in a variety of forms, either on its own or with the addition of a number of products. This habit is prevalent in the Indian Subcontinent and South-East Asia. Recent immigration statistics indicate that 30% of new arrivals in Australia are from these geographical regions and are known to perpetuate this custom long after migration. The objective of this paper is to highlight the variety of oral presentations that may occur as a result of areca nut consumption in these particular demographic subgroups. Dental practitioners must be familiar with the wide spectrum of oral lesions that may present in this setting. More significantly, they must be aware that some of these lesions possess the potential for malignant transformation and hence require more specific management. Best practice mandates that dental practitioners in a multicultural society must: (1) be capable of recognizing the expatriate populations in which this custom is widely practised; (2) incorporate this particular line of questioning into the routine risk factor analysis that is undertaken for every patient from these particular sub-populations; and (3) institute appropriate referral and follow-up of these lesions if required.Australian Dental Journal 09/2012; 57(3):373-8. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) and salvianolic acid B (SA-B) intralesional combined injection in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was performed. TA, SA-B, and TA combined with SA-B were consecutively applied intralesionally weekly for 20 weeks. Mouth opening and burning sensation improvement as determined by a 100-mm visual analog scale were evaluated at weeks 10, 20, and 44. RESULTS: Forty-two subjects fulfilled the study without obvious adverse reactions. The net gain in mouth opening was 2.00 ± 1.21 mm in the TA group, 3.48 ± 2.23 mm in the SA-B group, and 5.50 ± 1.80 mm in the TA + SA-B group at week 44. The burning sensation improved by 3.05 ± 0.76 in the TA group, 4.96 ± 0.97 in the SA-B group, and 6.11 ± 0.93 in the TA + SA-B group by the end of the study. CONCLUSIONS: TA + SA-B intralesional injections improved mouth open and burning sensation in these OSF patients.Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 12/2012;