In vitro evaluation of the quality and fertilizing capacity of boar semen frozen in 0.25 ml straws.
ABSTRACT Twenty-two boar ejaculates were frozen in 0.25 ml straws using a controlled cooling rate, then evaluated in vitro in order to assess: (i) the extent to which a range of semen evaluation parameters accurately characterize sperm quality, (ii) the value of quality assessment in the characterization of long-term sperm survival and fertility and (iii) the suitability of the cryopreservation protocol used for yielding semen with good quality and fertilizing capacity. Motility with or without caffeine, plasma membrane integrity (PMI) evaluated with both propidium iodide (PI) and Hoechst 33258, and acrosome morphology were studied, the ejaculates being then classified into five quality groups. A thermoresistance test and a homologous in vitro fertilization test were applied to selected ejaculates of these groups. Caffeine-stimulated motility and PMI evaluated with PI provided better estimations of semen quality than the other tests of motility, PMI, or acrosome morphology, but this quality assessment could not reveal differences in fertilizing capacity or thermoresistance among ejaculates. Over 43% spermatozoa survived cryopreservation in 19 of the 22 ejaculates, with inter-boar and inter-ejaculate variability in the freezing success being observed. The fertilizing capacity, however, was seriously affected by the process regardless of the semen quality. It is concluded that caffeine-stimulated motility and PMI evaluated with PI give accurate information on sperm quality, but important aspects to the valuation of semen such as thermoresistance and fertilizing capacity are not revealed by this quality study. Moreover, the approach of selecting suitable protocols of cryopreservation does not appear to be sufficient for guaranteeing systematically good quality and fertilizing capacity in the frozen-thawed semen.
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ABSTRACT: Polyspermy in pig oocytes fertilized in vitro remains unacceptably high. In this study, we evaluated the effects of gamete coincubation time, and determined if the proportion of capacitated spermatozoa would be predictive of the fertilizing ability of frozen-thawed semen in vitro. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were collected from slaughterhouse prepubertal gilt ovaries and matured in vitro for 44 h in TCM199, with EGF, FSH, cysteamine and follicular fluid. Fertilization was induced with 2 x 10(5) frozen-thawed spermatozoa/ml in TBM. Penetration of oocytes as well as polyspermic fertilization occurred 2 h after insemination. A strong correlation between penetration and polyspermic fertilization rates has been demonstrated, but there was no correlation between the proportion of capacitated spermatozoa, as assessed by chlortetracycline staining, at the time of insemination and fertilization rates. We also compared the results of IVF in three IVF media: TBM, m199 and TALP. Penetration and polyspermy were very different in these three media: 71 +/- 19% and 25 +/- 13% in TBM, 37 +/- 11% and 6 +/- 2% in m199, 10 +/- 2% and 0% in TALP, respectively. Nevertheless, survival of spermatozoa or modifications of the capacitation status were not different in these media after 6 h incubation. We concluded that survival and capacitation characteristics of the semen used for IVF could not be predictive of the IVF results. It seems necessary to act at the oocyte level to control both variability between replicates and the incidence of polyspermy. Improving the spermatozoa penetration blocking system of the oocytes and reducing the number of sperm-binding sites on the zona pellucida (ZP) are our further objectives.Theriogenology 05/2002; 57(7):1917-27. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A field trial was conducted to compare the fertility predicting capacity of different sperm assays applying classical semen analysis, sperm function and the homologous in vitro penetration test (hIVP) to 60 ejaculates from four boars collected over a period of 15 weeks. No differences were found between the groups of fertility (Low Fertility: < 20%; Intermediate: 40-60% and High: > 80%) for sperm-rich fraction volume collection, sperm concentration, total sperm number, cationic contents in seminal plasma and ATP concentration. Partial differences were found in the parameters of motility, normal morphology, normal apical ridge (NAR), viability with eosin-nigrosin stain, hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOS), osmotic resistance test (ORT) and functional membrane integrity (with carboxyfluorescein diacetate, DCF). These parameters would be useful for detecting sperm with poor fertility, but they are not precise enough to discriminate an ejaculate with higher fertility than the herd median. Only the penetration percentage (10.24 +/- 1.45 vs. 55.13 +/- 3.35 vs. 84.72 +/- 1.73) and sperm number per oocyte (1.29 +/- 0.07 vs. 11.29 +/- 1.79 vs. 25.86 +/- 1.43) in a hIVP system were parameters with a predictive capacity to discriminate between the three fertility groups. Consequently, hIVP was found to be the best seminal assay and it may improve the in vitro assessment of sperm fertilizing ability.Animal Reproduction Science 01/1999; 54(2):95-108. · 1.90 Impact Factor
- Biology of Reproduction 07/1973; 8(5):599-606. · 4.03 Impact Factor