Article

Rhizopus oryzae fungus cells producing L(+)-lactic acid: kinetic and metabolic parameters of free and PVA-cryogel-entrapped mycelium.

Chemical Enzymology Department, Chemistry Faculty, The M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Lenin's Hills, 1/11, Moscow 119992, Russia.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 10/2006; 72(3):480-5. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-005-0297-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Spores of the filamentous fungus Rhizopus oryzae were entrapped in macroporous poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel (PVA-cryogel). To prepare immobilised biocatalyst capable of producing L(+)-lactic acid (LA), the fungus cells were cultivated inside the carrier beads. The growth parameters and metabolic activity of the suspended (free) and immobilised cells producing LA in a batch process were comparatively investigated. The immobilised cells possessed increased resistance to high concentrations of accumulated product and gave much higher yields of LA in the iterative working cycle than the free cells did. Detailed kinetic analysis of the changes in the intracellular adenosine triphosphate concentration, specific rate of growth, substrate consumption and LA production showed that the fungus cells entrapped in PVA-cryogel are more attractive for biotechnological applications compared to the free cells.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
145 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a great demand for improved technologies with regard to rapid processing of nano- and microparticles. The handling of viruses in addition to microbial and mammalian cells requires the availability of appropriate adsorbents. Recent developments in macroporous gels produced at subzero temperatures (known as cryogels) have demonstrated an efficiency for processing cell and virus suspensions, cell separation and cell culture applications. Their unique combination of properties such as macroporosity, tissue-like elasticity and biocompatibility, physical and chemical stability and ease of preparation, renders these materials interesting candidates for a broad range of potential applications within microbiological research. This review describes current applications of macroporous cryogels in microbiology with a brief discussion of future perspectives.
    Trends in Microbiology 11/2008; 16(11):543-51. · 8.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The influence of two key environmental factors, pH and oxygen transfer coefficient (k(L)a), was evaluated on the lactic acid production as the main answer and, on the size of cell pellets of the fungal strain Rhizopus oryzae KPS106, as second dependant answer by response surface methodology using a central composite design. The results of the analysis of variance and modeling demonstrated that pH and k(L)a had a significant effect on lactic acid production by this strain. However, no interaction was observed between these two experimental factors. pH and k(L)a had no significant influence on the pellet size. Optimal pH and k(L)a of the fermentation medium for lactic acid production from response surface analysis was 5.85 and of 3.6 h(-1), respectively. The predicted and experimental lactic acid maximal values were 75.4 and 72.0 g/l, respectively, with pellets of an average of 2.54 +/- 0.41 mm. Five repeated batches in series were conducted with a mean lactic acid production of 77.54 g/l. The productivity was increased from 0.75 in the first batch to 0.99 g/l h in the last fifth batch.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 05/2010; 161(1-8):137-46. · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fermentative production of optically pure lactic acid has roused interest among researchers in recent years due to its high potential for applications in a wide range of fields. The sharp increase in manufacturing of biodegradable polylactic acid (PLA) materials, green alternatives to petroleum-derived plastics, has significantly increased the global interest in lactic acid production. However, higher production costs have hindered the large-scale application of PLA because of the high price of lactic acid. Therefore, reduction of lactic acid production cost through utilization of inexpensive substrates and improvement of lactic acid production and productivity has become an important goal. Various methods have been employed for enhanced lactic acid production, including several bioprocess techniques facilitated by wild-type and/or engineered microbes. In this review, we will discuss lactic acid producers with relation to their fermentation characteristics and metabolism. Inexpensive fermentative substrates, such as dairy products, food, and agro-industrial wastes, and algal biomass alternatives to costly pure sugars and food crops are introduced. The operational modes and fermentation methods that have been recently reported to improve lactic acid production in terms of concentrations, yields, and productivities are summarized and compared. High cell density fermentation through immobilization and cell-recycling techniques are also addressed. Finally, advances in recovery processes and concluding remarks on the future outlook of lactic acid production are presented.
    Biotechnology advances 04/2013; · 8.25 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
3 Downloads
Available from