Fluorescence in situ hybridization and chromosomal organization of the human Sirtuin 7 gene.
ABSTRACT Sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) is a member of the sirtuin family of protein deacetylases and is, therefore, a derivative of yeast Silent information regulator 2 (SIR2). SIR2 and its mammalian orthologs play an important role in epigenetic gene silencing, DNA recombination, cellular differentiation and metabolism, and the regulation of aging. In contrast to most sirtuins, SIRT7 does not exert characteristic NAD+-dependent deacetylase activity. We have isolated and characterized the human Sirt7 genomic sequence, which spans a region of 6.2 kb and which has one single genomic locus. Determination of the exon/intron splice junctions found the full-length SIRT7 protein to consist of 10 exons ranging in size from 71 bp (exon 4) to 237 bp (exon 7). The human Sirt7 open reading frame encodes a 400-aa protein with a predictive molecular weight of 44.9 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.80. Characterization of the 5' flanking genomic region, which precedes the Sirt7 open reading frame, revealed a TATA- and CCAAT-box less promoter that lacks CpG islands. A number of AML-1 and GATA-x transcription factor binding sites were found, which remain to be further evaluated experimentally. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis localized the human Sirt7 gene to chromosome 17q25.3; a region which is frequently affected by chromosomal alterations in acute leukemias and lymphomas. Human SIRT7 appears to be most predominantly expressed in the blood and in CD33+ myeloid bone marrow precursor cells, while the lowest levels are found in the ovaries and skeletal muscle. Functional characteristics of SIRT7 are essentially unknown at present and remain to be further elucidated.
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ABSTRACT: Sirtuins are NAD-dependent deacetylases that are conserved from yeast to mammals. A new report sheds light on the function of SIRT7, the least understood member of the Sirtuin family by identifying its locus-specific H3K18 deacetylase activity, and linking it to maintenance of cellular transformation in malignancies.Cell Research 07/2012; · 11.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aging is a degenerative process resulting in compromised tissue maintenance and increased susceptibility to diseases, such as cancer. Recent advancements support the notion that aging is a highly regulated process governed by evolutionarily conserved pathways. In mammals, tissue-specific adult stem cells (ASCs) persist throughout the lifetime to maintain and repair tissues. While reduced ASC self-renewal is thought to contribute to compromised tissue maintenance, increased self-renewal of cancer stem cells (CSCs) may lead to tumorigenesis. It is speculated that genetic regulators of aging, such as sirtuins, are likely to impinge upon the ASC compartments to regulate tissue maintenance and tumorigenesis. In this review, we discuss the emerging evidence linking sirtuins to normal and malignant ASC self-renewal, tissue maintenance, and tumorigenesis.Genes & cancer 03/2013; 4(3-4):76-81.
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ABSTRACT: Aging is the natural trace that time leaves behind on life during blossom and maturation, culminating in senescence and death. This process is accompanied by a decline in the healthy function of multiple organ systems, leading to increased incidence and mortality from diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration. Based on the fact that both sirtuin expression and activity appear to be upregulated in some types of cancer while they are being downregulated in others, there is quite some controversy stirring up as to the role of sirtuins, acting as cancer suppressors in some cases while under other circumstances they may promote cellular malignancy. It is therefore currently quite unclear as to what extent and under which particular circumstances sirtuin activators and/or inhibitors will find their place in the treatment of age-related disease and cancer. In this review, we take an effort to bring together the highlights of sirtuin research in order to shed some light on the mechanistic impact that sirtuins have on the pathogenesis of cellular malignancy.Clinical Epigenetics 12/2010; 1(3-4):71-83. · 6.22 Impact Factor