Cystic angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a clinicopathologic description of 11 cases.
ABSTRACT This report deals with 11 examples of renal angiomyolipomas (AML) which appear to include an epithelial element as a part of the neoplasm in the form of gross or microscopic cysts-usually both. There were seven females and four males between the ages of 20 and 70 years with mean age of 45 years. Three of these were known to be symptomatic: intermittent flank pain and gross hematuria for 2 months; recurrent hematuria both before and after flank trauma and a third patient with acute abdomen due to a ruptured tumor blood vessel. Cysts were described in three of the six cases where radiographic data were available. Seven tumors were in the right kidney and four in the left. In gross descriptions, cysts were mentioned in seven and they ranged from 6.0 to 2.0 cm with a median and mean maximal diameter of 5.0 and 4.0 cm, respectively. Microscopically, virtually all of the tumors included multiple smaller cysts and these were lined by flat, cuboidal or columnar epithelium and occasionally hobnail epithelium. There was usually a subepithelial collar of poorly differentiated cells, but the solid element of all tumors was myomatous angiomyolipoma; only one case had any adipose tissue. A dominant histological feature was the prominent lymphatic channels-identical to those of lymphangiomyomas and myomatous or triphasic AMLs. They are much more conspicuous in these cystic cases. Immunohistochemically, all tumors tested were reactive with actin, desmin and HMB-45, with the latter being more intensely positive in the subepithelial collars. Estrogen and progesterone receptors were usually positive, also. The behavior of these lesions appears to be no different from that of other AMLs.
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ABSTRACT: The perivascular epithelioid cell (PEC) is a cell type constantly present in a group of tumors called PEComas. PEC expresses myogenic and melanocytic markers, such as HMB45 and actin. Recently, recurrent chromosomal alterations have been demonstrated in PEC. At present, PEComa is a widely accepted entity. In the past 10 years, the use of this term has allowed to report and describe numerous cases permitting to start highlighting the biology of this group of lesions. PEComas are related to the genetic alterations of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), an autosomal dominant genetic disease due to losses of TSC1 (9q34) or TSC2 (16p13.3) genes which seem to have a role in the regulation of the Rheb/mTOR/p70S6K pathway. There are some open questions about PEComas regarding its histogenesis, the definition of epithelioid angiomyolipoma and the identification of the histological criteria of malignancy. An innovative therapeutic trial using rapamycin is under way for tumors occurring in TSC such as renal angiomyolipoma and lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Its success could provide the rationale for the use of the same drug in other lesions composed of PECs, especially in the malignant ones.Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 03/2008; 452(2):119-32. · 2.49 Impact Factor
Article: Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC): a rare but distinct variant of angiomyolipoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC) is a recently described distinct cystic variant of angiomyolipoma (AML). To date 15 cases of AMLEC have been reported in 2 case series. We report the 16th case in a 39-year-old female. Her left kidney tumor was discovered incidentally. Partial nephrectomy was performed. Histologically, the tumor was composed of three components: 1) epithelial cysts lined by cuboidal to hobnail cells; 2) compact subepithelial mullerian-like AML stroma with admixed chronic inflammation; and 3) muscle-predominant AML with dysmorphic blood vessels exterior to the subepithelial stroma. Immunohistochemically, the subepithelial stroma stained most intensely with HMB-45 and Melan-A, whilst the muscle-predominant AML areas stained most intensely with smooth muscle actin and desmin. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and CD10 stained most intensely in the subepithelial stroma. The cyst lining was positive for pancytokeratin, but negative for HMB-45, Melan-A, ER, PR, and CD10. The patient is alive with no evidence of disease, 12 months postoperatively, and yearly follow-up CT scans are planned.Diagnostic Pathology 02/2007; 2:11. · 1.64 Impact Factor