Cystic dilation of the conus ventriculus terminalis presenting as an acute cauda equina syndrome relieved by decompression and cyst drainage: case report.
ABSTRACT The ventriculus terminalis of the conus, or "fifth ventricle" refers to the ependymal-lined space in the middle of the conus that is present in childhood and whose persistence into adulthood is rare. A number of cases of cystic dilatation of the ventriculus terminalis have been described in adulthood. Patients tend to present with either pain alone or gradually progressive conus or cauda equina syndromes with varying degrees of recovery after cyst drainage. Presentation with an acute cauda equina syndrome and its successful surgical management has not been previously reported.
A 57-year-old woman experienced back pain and bilateral sciatica ascribed to diabetic neuropathy for 2 years. Over a 24-hour period she developed bilateral lower extremity weakness, saddle anesthesia, and bowel and bladder incontinence. Lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large cystic dilatation of the ventriculus terminalis.
She was taken for emergency surgical decompression and cyst drainage. Immediately after surgery, she experienced significant increase in lower extremity strength and has since regained continence.
Cystic dilation of the ventriculus terminalis should be part of the differential diagnosis for a cauda equina syndrome; surgical decompression with simple cyst drainage can result in excellent clinical results.
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- "The management of t adult VT is controversial, as some prefer non-operative management with serial imaging, while others favor surgical maneuvers for relief of neurological symptoms (4, 21-23). In our report, surgical or endovascular procedures were performed in 4 patients with progressing neurological symptoms. "
ABSTRACT: The ventriculus terminalis (VT) in adults is a rare pathology. We report various MR imaging features of the adult VT. Ten patients were included in this retrospective review.. All patients had undergone magnetic resonance (MR imaging with a surface coil that used two different 1.5T MR systems. All patients had undergone initial and follow-up MR imaging with contrast enhancement using gadopentate dimeglumine. Three patients underwent additional MR imaging using the echocardiogram-gated spatial modulation of magnetization (SPAMM) technique. If a shift in tagging band during the systolic phase was less than half of the band space, it was defined as a "non-pulsatile fluid". Two neuroradiologists independently reviewed these images, while clinical symptoms and outcomes were statistically analyzed between the treated and non-treated group. All cases presented an intramedullary cystic lesion in the conus medullaris and showed the same signal intensity as CSF. Three VTs had intracystic septation and cord edema, which were pathologically confirmed after surgery; two of these were associated with kyphotic deformity and spinal arteriovenous malformation. SPAMM-MRI of 3 patients demonstrated non-pulsatile fluid motion within the VT. In the treated group, clinical symptoms improved better than the non-treated group. The adult VT shows some unusual imaging features, including septation, cord edema, and coexistence of a spinal AVM, as well as the typical findings. Surgical maneuvers may be considered as a treatment option in adult VT with progressive neurological symptoms.Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 09/2012; 13(5):557-63. DOI:10.3348/kjr.2012.13.5.557 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Simple cysts found within the filum terminale of infants on lumbar spine sonography are relatively common, but no study has established their clinical significance. To obtain information on the sonographic features of isolated filar cysts and determine their clinical significance in comparison with age- and sex-matched controls. We performed a retrospective review of 644 consecutive spine sonograms in patients younger than 8 months. Gestational age- and sex-matched controls with normal lumbar sonograms were taken from the same period. We obtained short-term clinical follow-up of motor milestones for each group. The incidence of filar cyst was 78 of the 644 (11.8%) and was inversely related to age. Developmental follow-up of the study patients compared with control population showed no statistically significant difference in the ages at which the infants were able to turn over, crawl and walk. Follow-up MR imaging of 13 study patients (19%) failed to demonstrate filar cysts previously identified on sonography. No significant difference was found in the short-term outcome of infants with isolated filar cysts on lumbar sonography compared with that of a control population. Filar cysts should be considered a normal variant when found in isolation on lumbar sonography.Pediatric Radiology 01/2007; 36(12):1283-8. DOI:10.1007/s00247-006-0317-9 · 1.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The ventriculus terminalis is a small cavity inside the conus medullaris that is formed during the embryonic development. Previous reports regarding cystic lesion of the ventriculus terminalis (CLVT) in adults have detailed a broad and diversified distribution in terms of clinical symptoms, clinical evolution, neurological findings, and treatment. Therefore, nonstandardized management has led to unsatisfactory outcomes. Thus, the authors propose a new classification system in which the clinical presentation is taken into account to standardize the cases and facilitate the proper management of these lesions. Two more cases are described. The literature was reviewed, dividing the patients into 3 groups by clinical presentation as follows: CLVT Type I, patients with nonspecific neurological symptoms or nonspecific complaints; CLVT Type II, presence of focal neurological deficit; and CLVT Type III, presence of sphincter disturbances (bowel or bladder dysfunction). Two patients were classified as CLVT Type I, 3 as CLVT Type II, and 12 as CLVT Type III. In Type I, no improvement was observed in clinical evaluation after surgery, and stable symptoms were achieved with clinical management. In Type II, 2 patients had total improvement and 1 had subtotal improvement after surgery. Finally, in Type III, 92% of the patients improved postoperatively; among these 33% presented with total improvement. Only 1 case in this group was handled conservatively and no improvement was documented. This new classification is useful to group the patients into 3 clinical types to provide guidance as to the best management options. Treatment for the Type I lesion seems to be best conducted conservatively, whereas Types II and III seem to be best handled surgically.Journal of Neurosurgery Spine 03/2008; 8(2):163-8. DOI:10.3171/SPI/2008/8/2/163 · 2.36 Impact Factor