Calreticulin negatively regulates the cell surface expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
ABSTRACT Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-dependent Cl- channel at the plasma membrane, and its malfunction results in cystic fibrosis, the most common lethal genetic disease in Caucasians. Quality control of CFTR is strictly regulated by several molecular chaperones. Here we show that calreticulin (CRT), which is a lectin-like chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), negatively regulates the cell surface CFTR. RNA interference-based CRT knockdown induced the increase of CFTR expression. Consistently, this effect was observed in vivo. CRT heterozygous (CRT+/-) mice had a higher endogenous expression of CFTR than the wild-type mice. Moreover, CRT overexpression induced cell surface expression of CRT, and it significantly decreased the cell surface expression and function of CFTR. CRT overexpression destabilized the cell surface CFTR by enhancing endocytosis, leading to proteasomal degradation. Deletion of the carboxyl domain of CRT, which results in its ER export, increased the negative effect and enhanced the interaction with CFTR. Thus, CRT in the post-ER compartments may act as a negative regulator of the cell surface CFTR.
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ABSTRACT: In order to perform their designated functions, proteins require precise subcellular localizations. For cell-surface proteins, such as receptors and channels, they are able to transduce signals only when properly targeted to the cell membrane. Calreticulin is a multi-functional chaperone protein involved in protein folding, maturation, and trafficking. However, evidence has been accumulating that calreticulin can also negatively regulate the surface expression of certain receptors and channels. In these instances, depletion of calreticulin enhances cell-surface expression and function. In this review, we discuss the role of calreticulin with a focus on its negative effects on the expression of cell-surface proteins.Membranes 09/2014; 4(3):630-641. DOI:10.3390/membranes4030630
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ABSTRACT: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) disease is caused by mutations in the CFTR gene (CF transmembrane conductance regulator). F508 deletion is the most represented mutation, and F508del-CFTR is absent of plasma membrane and accumulates into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) compartment. Using specific Ca2 + genetics cameleon probes, we showed in the human bronchial CF epithelial cell line CFBE that ER Ca2 + concentration was strongly increased compared to non-CF (16HBE) cells, and normalized by the F508del-CFTR corrector agent, VX-809. We also showed that ER F508del-CFTR retention increases SERCA (Sarcoplasmic/Reticulum Ca2 + ATPase) pump activity whereas PMCA (Plasma Membrane Ca2 + ATPase) activities were reduced in these CF cells compared to corrected CF cells (VX-809) and non-CF cells. We are showing for the first time CFTR/SERCA and CFTR/PMCA interactions that are modulated in CF cells and could explain part of Ca2 + homeostasis deregulation due to mislocalization of F508del-CFTR. Using ER or mitochondria genetics Ca2 + probes, we are showing that ER Ca2 + content, mitochondrial Ca2 + uptake, SERCA and PMCA pump, activities are strongly affected by the localization of F508del-CFTR protein.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research 02/2015; 1853(5). DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2015.01.010 · 5.30 Impact Factor