Article

Immunophenotypic heterogeneity of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells from patients with hematologic disorders: correlation with bone marrow microenvironment.

Section of Hematology, University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy.
Haematologica (Impact Factor: 5.94). 04/2006; 91(3):364-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The immunophenotypic analysis of ex vivo-expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) has so far been confined to single or dual staining analysis in normal subjects. In this study, using a four-color cytofluorimetric protocol, we demonstrated that cultured MSC derived from the bone marrow of patients with hematologic malignancies showed alterations in the expression of CD105, CD90, CD184, and HLA-DR molecules. The decrease in the percentage of CD105+ and CD90+ MSC correlated with an increased bone marrow angiogenesis. This paper provides evidence that multiparametric flow cytometry is essential for the establishment of a standardized protocol to identify various MSCs subsets and aberrant phenotypes.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
67 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The relevance of tumor microenvironment for the development and progression of tumor cells in hematological malignancies has been extensively reported. Identification of factors involved in the information exchange between the malignant cells and the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and the knowledge on their functioning may provide important information to eliminate leukemic cells from protective BM niches. We evaluated changes in BM-MSCs obtained from children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at different times in the course of disease. Whereas ALL-MSCs did not exhibit phenotypic changes compared to BM-derived MSCs isolated from healthy donors, they exhibited increased adipogenic capacity. In addition, the viability of healthy CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors was significantly reduced when co-cultured with ALL-MSCs. ALL-MSCs grow less efficiently, although gradually recover normal growth with treatment. Accordingly, proliferation is particularly low in MSCs obtained at diagnosis and in the first days of treatment (+15 days), recovering to control levels after 35 days of treatment. Correlating these results with bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) production, a molecule demonstrated to affect MSC biology, we found higher production of BMP4 in ALL-MSCs derived from patients over the course of disease but not in those free of leukemia. However, no significant differences in the expression of different members of the BMP4 signaling pathway were observed. Furthermore, an inverse correlation between high levels of BMP4 production in the cultures and MSC proliferation was found, as observed in MSCs derived from patients at diagnosis that produce high BMP4 levels. In addition, co-culturing ALL-MSC with the REH leukemia cell line, but not CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors, powerfully enhanced BMP4 production, suggesting an intimate crosstalk among ALL-MSCs isolated from BM colonized by ALL cells that presumably also occurs in situ conditions. Our data may support the participation of BMP4 in BM niche, but the mechanism remains to be elucidated.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e84496. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although clinical applications using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are becoming more frequent, procedures for their in vitro culture are far from standardized. Growth factors such as FGF-2 are frequently added during expansion to improve population growth and differentiation characteristics. However, up to now its influence on surface marker distribution of MSCs has been close to unknown. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyse effects of FGF-2 supplementation on pre-selection of MSC subpopulations. Mesenchymal stromal cells were harvested from bone marrow of six patients and expanded in alpha-MEM or DMEM-LG. Starting in passage 2, 10 ng/ml FGF-2 was administered and non-supplemented media were used as controls. Growth indices were calculated from P0 to P4. After P4, fluorescence cytometry for common MSC surface markers was performed and standard chondrogenic, adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation protocols were applied. Cell population growth indices were higher for those in FGF-2 supplemented media. Significant differences in surface marker distribution were observed for CD13, CD14, CD49, CD90, CD340 and STRO-1 depending on respective culture conditions. FGF-2 suppressed CD146 expression in both alpha-MEM and DMEM-LG. No differences in adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential could be observed, while FGF-2 significantly improved chondrogenic differentiation in DMEM-LG. While holding the benefit of improving MSC chondrogenic differentiation potential, FGF-2 pre-selects certain MSC subtypes. Our data clearly show that expansion culture conditions have a significant effect on distribution of a number of MSC surface markers.
    Cell Proliferation 08/2013; 46(4):396-407. · 2.27 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) can regenerate tissues by direct differentiation or indirectly by stimulating angiogenesis, limiting inflammation, and recruiting tissue-specific progenitor cells. MSCs emerge and multiply in long-term cultures of total cells from the bone marrow or multiple other organs. Such a derivation in vitro is simple and convenient, hence popular, but has long precluded understanding of the native identity, tissue distribution, frequency, and natural role of MSCs, which have been defined and validated exclusively in terms of surface marker expression and developmental potential in culture into bone, cartilage, and fat. Such simple, widely accepted criteria uniformly typify MSCs, even though some differences in potential exist, depending on tissue sources. Combined immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and cell culture have allowed tracking the artifactual cultured mesenchymal stem/stromal cells back to perivascular anatomical regions. Presently, both pericytes enveloping microvessels and adventitial cells surrounding larger arteries and veins have been described as possible MSC forerunners. While such a vascular association would explain why MSCs have been isolated from virtually all tissues tested, the origin of the MSCs grown from umbilical cord blood remains unknown. In fact, most aspects of the biology of perivascular MSCs are still obscure, from the emergence of these cells in the embryo to the molecular control of their activity in adult tissues. Such dark areas have not compromised intents to use these cells in clinical settings though, in which purified perivascular cells already exhibit decisive advantages over conventional MSCs, including purity, thorough characterization and, principally, total independence from in vitro culture. A growing body of experimental data is currently paving the way to the medical usage of autologous sorted perivascular cells for indications in which MSCs have been previously contemplated or actually used, such as bone regeneration and cardiovascular tissue repair.
    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 10/2013; · 5.62 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
27 Downloads
Available from
Jun 3, 2014