Article

Immunophenotypic heterogeneity of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells from patients with hematologic disorders: Correlation with bone marrow microenvironment

Section of Hematology, University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy.
Haematologica (Impact Factor: 5.87). 04/2006; 91(3):364-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The immunophenotypic analysis of ex vivo-expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) has so far been confined to single or dual staining analysis in normal subjects. In this study, using a four-color cytofluorimetric protocol, we demonstrated that cultured MSC derived from the bone marrow of patients with hematologic malignancies showed alterations in the expression of CD105, CD90, CD184, and HLA-DR molecules. The decrease in the percentage of CD105+ and CD90+ MSC correlated with an increased bone marrow angiogenesis. This paper provides evidence that multiparametric flow cytometry is essential for the establishment of a standardized protocol to identify various MSCs subsets and aberrant phenotypes.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Francesco Lanza, Jul 04, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
92 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immune-mediated bone marrow failure syndromes (BMFS) are characterized by ineffective marrow haemopoiesis and subsequent peripheral cytopenias. Ineffective haemopoiesis is the result of a complex marrow deregulation including genetic, epigenetic, and immune-mediated alterations in haemopoietic stem/progenitor cells, as well as abnormal haemopoietic-to-stromal cell interactions, with abnormal release of haemopoietic growth factors, chemokines, and inhibitors. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) and their progeny (i.e., osteoblasts, adipocytes, and reticular cells) are considered as key cellular components of the bone marrow haemopoietic niche. MSCs may interfere with haemopoietic as well as immune regulation. Evidence suggests that bone marrow MSCs may be involved in immune-mediated BMFS underlying pathophysiology, harboring either native abnormalities and/or secondary defects, caused by exposure to activated marrow components. This review summarizes previous as well as more recent information related to the biologic/functional characteristics of bone marrow MSCs in myelodysplastic syndromes, acquired aplastic anemia, and chronic idiopathic neutropenia.
    Clinical and Developmental Immunology 12/2013; 2013:265608. DOI:10.1155/2013/265608
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The regeneration potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) diminishes with advanced age and this diminished potential is associated with changes in cellular functions. This study compared MSCs isolated from the bone marrow of rhesus monkeys (rBMSCs) in three age groups: young (< 5 years), middle (8-10 years), and old (> 12 years). The effects of aging on stem cell properties and indicators of stem cell fitness such as proliferation, differentiation, circadian rhythms, stress response proteins, miRNA expression, and global histone modifications in rBMSCs were analyzed. rBMSCs demonstrated decreased capacities for proliferation and differentiation as a function of age. The production of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) were also reduced with increasing age. The level of a core circadian protein, Rev-erb α, was significantly increased in rBMSCs from old animals. Furthermore, analysis of miRNA expression profiles revealed an up-regulation of mir-766 and mir-558 and a down-regulation of mir-let-7f, mir-125b, mir-222, mir-199-3p, mir-23a, and mir-221 in old rBMSCs compare to young rBMSCs. However, there were no significant age-related changes in the global histone modification profiles of the four histone core proteins: H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 on rBMSCs. These changes represent novel insights into the aging process and could have implications regarding the potential for autologous stem cells therapy in older patients.
    Aging cell 10/2010; 10(1):66-79. DOI:10.1111/j.1474-9726.2010.00646.x
  • Source