Contour and volume assessment of repairing mandibular osteoperiosteal continuity defects in sheep using recombinant human osteogenic protein 1.
ABSTRACT This study describes the contour and volume of reconstructed mandibles using recombinant human osteogenic protein 1.
The investigation was conducted on six adult sheep, where a unilateral 35 mm parasymphyseal osteoperiosteal continuity defect of the mandible was created. Recombinant human osteogenic protein 1 and type-I collagen (as carrier) were applied to the defects. Radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations were carried out at day 1 of the surgery and 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks following the surgery. The animals were then sacrificed 3 months after the operation. Postmortem CT-scan was performed for volumetric, cross-sectional area, height and width measurements.
Ultrasound was more efficient than radiographs in demonstrating early callus formation at 2 weeks, while radiographic evidence of bone formation was consistently detectable only after 4 weeks. Using the combination of recombinant human osteogenic protein type 1 and type-I collagen resulted in twice the volume, cross-sectional surface area, and height when compared with those of the corresponding region of the contra-lateral non-operated side of the mandible.
Within 3 months, recombinant human osteogenic protein type 1 on type-I collagen carrier failed to restore the original contour and volume of mandibular osteoperiosteal continuity defects.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mandibular defect occurs more frequently in recent years, and clinical repair operations via bone transplantation are difficult to be further improved due to some intrinsic flaws. Tissue engineering, which is a hot research field of biomedical engineering, provides a new direction for mandibular defect repair. As the basis and key part of tissue engineering, scaffolds have been widely and deeply studied in regards to the basic theory, as well as the principle of biomaterial, structure, design, and fabrication method. However, little research is targeted at tissue regeneration for clinic repair operations. Since mandibular bone has a special structure, rather than uniform and regular structure in existing studies, a methodology based on tissue engineering is proposed for mandibular defect repair in this paper. Key steps regarding scaffold digital design, such as external shape design and internal microstructure design directly based on triangular meshes are discussed in detail. By analyzing the theoretical model and the measured data from the test parts fabricated by rapid prototyping, the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed methodology are properly verified. More works about mechanical and biological improvements need to be done to promote its clinical application in future.Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 01/2011; 12(9):769-79. · 1.11 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of reconstructing critical size continuity osteoperiosteal defects of the mandible using a composite of recombinant BMP-7 contained in a bovine type-1 collagen carrier wrapped in a pedicled sterno-occipitalis muscle flap. At 3 months following surgery, bridging of the surgical defect was noted in three subjects (60%). Histologically, the induced bone regenerate showed maturation from woven to lamellar bone. Islands of cartilage were distributed throughout the defect. Replacement ossification of the degenerated muscle was a common feature in all specimens. Microradiography showed a gradual increase in the calcification of mineralized tissue from the margin to the centre of the newly generated bone. This research represents a proof of the concept that bone can be satisfactorily formed within a muscular scaffolding at the site of the created defect in a one-stage procedure.International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 01/2008; 36(12):1183-92. · 1.52 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A considerable number of international research groups as well as commercial entities work on the development of new bone grafting materials, carriers, growth factors and specifically tissue-engineered constructs for bone regeneration. They are strongly interested in evaluating their concepts in highly reproducible large segmental defects in preclinical and large animal models. To allow comparison between different studies and their outcomes, it is essential that animal models, fixation devices, surgical procedures and methods of taking measurements are well standardized to produce reliable data pools and act as a base for further directions to orthopaedic and tissue engineering developments, specifically translation into the clinic. In this leading opinion paper, we aim to review and critically discuss the different large animal bone defect models reported in the literature. We conclude that most publications provide only rudimentary information on how to establish relevant preclinical segmental bone defects in large animals. Hence, we express our opinion on methodologies to establish preclinical critically sized, segmental bone defect models used in past research with reference to surgical techniques, fixation methods and postoperative management focusing on tibial fracture and segmental defect models.Biomaterials. 01/2009;