Weakly and strongly associated nonfreezable water bound in bones.
ABSTRACT Water bound in bone of rat tail vertebrae was investigated by 1H NMR spectroscopy at 210-300 K and by the thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) method at 190-265 K. The 1H NMR spectra of water clusters were calculated by the GIAO method with the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) basis set, and the solvent effects were analyzed by the HF/SM5.45/6-31G(d) method. The 1H NMR spectra of water in bone tissue include two signals that can be assigned to typical water (chemical shift of proton resonance deltaH=4-5 ppm) and unusual water (deltaH=1.2-1.7 ppm). According to the quantum chemical calculations, the latter can be attributed to water molecules without the hydrogen bonds through the hydrogen atoms, e.g., interacting with hydrophobic environment. An increase in the amount of water in bone leads to an increase in the amount of typical water, which is characterized by higher associativity (i.e., a larger average number of hydrogen bonds per molecule) and fills larger pores, cavities and pockets in bone tissue.
Article: Electrets, Topics in Applied PhysicsJournal of The Electrochemical Society - J ELECTROCHEM SOC. 01/1980; 127(12).
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transverse nuclear magnetic relaxation and self-diffusion of water were measured in hydrated collagen II. Self-diffusion measurements were conducted by pulsed field gradient NMR (PFG NMR) and weighting of the different species in the signal by variable T2 relaxation in the experiment. Two fractions of water protons were detected, one with a short T2 value but high diffusivity and one with a long T2 value and low, completely restricted diffusion. The distance of the diffusion barriers was determined to be 2.3 microns. Possible reasons for the restriction in the movement of the water molecules in comparison with structural models of collagen II are discussed.Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 09/1996; 36(2):241-8. · 3.27 Impact Factor
- 11/2003; 15:489-528.