Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) are uncommon primary non-epithelial cell tumors of the pancreas. In addition, there are inflammatory pseudotumors (IPT) that may arise in the course of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). In the English language literature, only 24 cases of IMT and nine cases of MFH in the pancreas have been reported to date. We investigated three individual spindle cell tumors of the pancreas that were identified as MFH, IMT, and IPT, respectively, using immunohistochemical and molecular analysis. Both the MFH and the IMT, but not the IPT, showed nuclear p53 expression and mutations of the p53 gene. The MFH and the IMT also had higher mitotic and Ki-67 (MIB-1) indexes than the IPT. The IPT was found to be a tumor-like case of AIP. Many IgG4-positive plasma cells, which are considered to be a feature of AIP, were found in all three tumors. It is concluded that in this series of spindle cell tumors of the pancreas, apart from immunohistochemical features, the demonstration of p53 mutations may be helpful in distinguishing true neoplastic tumors from pseudotumors such as IPTs arising in the context of AIP.
"Human herpesvirus-8 genes are suspected to play a role in pulmonary IMTs . Other authors believe that autoimmunogenic processes are the underlying cause of IMT or IPT [9, 10]. Some authors suggested that chronic infection, for example caused by long-term retention of misplaced sutures  or a ruptured diverticulum , is the underlying cause which may lead to IPTs in some of the cases. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammatory pseudotumors (IPT) form a group of etiologically, histologically, and biologically heterogeneous tumefactive lesions that are histologically characterized by prominent inflammatory infiltrates. IPT has been described in various organs including the lungs, bladder, liver, spleen, heart, and others. It may mimic a malignant tumor clinically and radiologically. We report a case of a 26-year-old woman with an ALK1-negative IPT (7 cm in maximal diameter) mainly located in the 12th right back muscles, surrounding a fractured rib. Histologically, the tumor consisted of an inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of diffusely distributed lymphoplasmacytic cells and stromal fibroblasts associated with focal obliterative phlebitis. Conservative steroid treatment resulted in complete remission and the patient remained disease-free for more than 1 year later. To our knowledge this is the first report of IPT involving the skeletal back muscle and complete resolution under corticosteroid treatment.
Case Reports in Oncology 05/2011; 4(2):304-10. DOI:10.1159/000329415
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic pancreatitis is a fibroinflammatory disease of the pancreas. Etiologically, most cases are related to alcohol abuse and smoking. Recently, gene mutations have been identified as the cause of hereditary pancreatitis. Other chronic pancreatitis types that were defined in recent years are autoimmune pancreatitis (lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis) and paraduodenal pancreatitis ('groove pancreatitis', 'cystic dystrophy of heterotopic pancreas'). This review describes and discusses the main histological findings, the pathogenesis and the clinical features of the various types of chronic pancreatitis. In addition, pseudotumors and other tumor-like lesions are briefly mentioned.
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