18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography scanning affects surgical management in selected patients with high-risk, operable breast carcinoma.
ABSTRACT The role of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning in determining the extent of disease in patients with breast cancer has not been defined. We investigated the utility of (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG)-PET scanning compared with conventional imaging with computed tomographic scanning and bone scanning in determining the extent of disease in patients with high-risk, operable breast cancer.
This was a prospective study of patients who presented to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center for operative treatment of breast cancer. Eighty eligible patients were enrolled and underwent computed tomographic chest, abdomen, pelvis, and bone scans, followed by FDG-PET. Changes in treatment based on scan findings were recorded by the operating surgeons. Imaging findings were verified by biopsy or long-term follow-up.
Eight (10%) of 80 patients were found to have metastatic disease that was seen on both conventional imaging and PET. Four additional patients (5%) had additional foci of disease on PET that affected treatment decisions. No patient had findings on conventional imaging alone. Conventional imaging studies resulted in a higher number of findings that generated additional tests and biopsies that ultimately had negative results (17% vs. 5% for PET). There was a statistically significant difference in specificity for PET compared with conventional imaging (P = .01).
Conventional imaging and PET were equally sensitive in detecting metastatic disease in patients with high-risk, operable breast cancer, but PET generated fewer false-positive results. FDG-PET scanning should be further studied in this setting and considered in the preoperative evaluation of selected patients with breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancer develops in over 7000 women each year in Ontario. These patients will all undergo some staging work-up at diagnosis. The Breast Cancer Disease Site Group of the Cancer Care Ontario Practice Guidelines Initiative reviewed the evidence and indications for routine bone scanning, liver ultrasonography and chest radiography in asymptomatic women who have undergone surgery for breast cancer. A systematic review of the published literature was combined with a consensus interpretation of the evidence in the context of conventional practice. There were 11 studies of bone scanning reported between 1972 and 1980, involving a total of 1307 women; bone scans detected skeletal metastases in 6.8% of those with stage I breast cancer, 8.8% with stage II and 24.5% with stage III. A total of 5407 women participated in 9 studies of bone scanning reported between 1985 and 1995; in these studies, bone scans detected skeletal metastases in only 0.5% of women with stage I disease, 2.4% with stage II and 8.3% with stage III. Among 1625 women in 4 studies of liver ultrasonography reported between 1988 and 1993, hepatic metastases were detected in 0% of patients with stage I disease, 0.4% with stage II and 2.0% with stage III. Among 3884 patients in 2 studies of chest radiography published in 1988 and 1991, lung metastases were detected in 0.1% of those with stage I, 0.2% with stage II and 1.7% with stage III. False-positive rates ranged from 10% to 22% for bone scanning, 33% to 66% for liver ultrasonography and 0% to 23% for chest radiography. The false-negative rate for bone scanning was about 10%. The following recommendations apply to women with newly diagnosed breast cancer who have undergone surgical resection and who have no symptoms, physical signs or biochemical evidence of metastases. Routine bone scanning, liver ultrasonography and chest radiography are not indicated before surgery. In women with intraductal and pathological stage I tumours, routine bone scanning, liver ultrasonography and chest radiography are not indicated as part of baseline staging. In women who have pathological stage II tumours, a postoperative bone scan is recommended as part of baseline staging. Routine liver ultrasonography and chest radiography are not indicated in this group but could be considered for patients with 4 or more positive lymph nodes. In women with pathological stage III tumours, bone scanning, liver ultrasonography and chest radiography are recommended postoperatively as part of baseline staging. In women for whom treatment options are restricted to tamoxifen or hormone therapy, or for whom no further treatment is indicated because of age or other factors, routine bone scanning, liver ultrasonography and chest radiography are not indicated as part of baseline staging.Canadian Medical Association Journal 06/2001; 164(10):1439-44. · 6.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the ability of positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) to determine noninvasively axillary lymph node status in patients with breast cancer. The presence of axillary lymph node metastasis is the most important prognostic factor in women with breast cancer. It signifies the presence of occult metastatic disease and indicates the need for adjuvant therapy. The only reliable way in which this important prognostic information may be obtained is by performing axillary dissection, which may be associated with significant complications and delay in discharge from the hospital. PET with 18F-FDG can visualize primary cancers in the breast and metastatic tumor deposits. Fifty patients with untreated breast cancer had clinical examination of their axilla performed (graded as positive or negative), followed by PET of the axilla and midthorax. PET data were analyzed blindly and graded as positive or negative, depending on the presence or absence of axillary nodal metastases. Cytopathologic assessment of the axillary nodes was carried out within 1 week of PET, by fine-needle aspiration cytology in 5 patients and axillary dissection in 45; the excised specimens were examined by a single pathologist. The overall sensitivity of PET in 50 patients was 90% and the specificity was 97%. Clinical examination of the same patients had an overall sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 90%. In the 24 patients with locally advanced breast cancer (T3, T4, TxN2), PET had a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 100%. In T1 tumors (seven patients), the sensitivity and specificity were 100%. PET had a high predictive value (>90%) and accuracy (94%) in staging the axilla. PET is a sensitive and specific method of staging the axilla in patients with breast cancer. It may obviate the need for axillary surgery in women with small primary tumors, define the women likely to benefit from axillary dissection, or allow radiotherapy to be substituted for surgery, particularly in post-menopausal women.Annals of Surgery 08/1998; 228(2):220-7. · 6.33 Impact Factor
- Tumori 83(2):542-3. · 0.92 Impact Factor