18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography scanning affects surgical management in selected patients with high-risk, operable breast carcinoma.
ABSTRACT The role of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning in determining the extent of disease in patients with breast cancer has not been defined. We investigated the utility of (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG)-PET scanning compared with conventional imaging with computed tomographic scanning and bone scanning in determining the extent of disease in patients with high-risk, operable breast cancer.
This was a prospective study of patients who presented to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center for operative treatment of breast cancer. Eighty eligible patients were enrolled and underwent computed tomographic chest, abdomen, pelvis, and bone scans, followed by FDG-PET. Changes in treatment based on scan findings were recorded by the operating surgeons. Imaging findings were verified by biopsy or long-term follow-up.
Eight (10%) of 80 patients were found to have metastatic disease that was seen on both conventional imaging and PET. Four additional patients (5%) had additional foci of disease on PET that affected treatment decisions. No patient had findings on conventional imaging alone. Conventional imaging studies resulted in a higher number of findings that generated additional tests and biopsies that ultimately had negative results (17% vs. 5% for PET). There was a statistically significant difference in specificity for PET compared with conventional imaging (P = .01).
Conventional imaging and PET were equally sensitive in detecting metastatic disease in patients with high-risk, operable breast cancer, but PET generated fewer false-positive results. FDG-PET scanning should be further studied in this setting and considered in the preoperative evaluation of selected patients with breast cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Molecular imagings of hEGF receptor 2 (HER2) using radiolabeled tracers has the potential to determine the extent of HER2-positive disease and could be of great clinical value. HER2 overexpression affects 20-25% of breast cancer patients, conferring a worse prognosis. HER2 status determines choice and response to therapy but can change in response to treatment and during disease progression. Anti-HER2 agents in development for molecular imaging include immunoglobulins (trastuzumab and pertuzumab), immunoglobulin fragments, F(ab´)2, diabodies, nanobodies and nonimmunoglobulin scaffolds, affibody and designed ankyrin-repeat proteins. Clinical assessment of radiolabeled trastuzumab and anti-HER2 affibody molecule demonstrated potential to identify new lesions but both agents lacked sensitivity and highlighted the need for improved pharmacokinetics. New tracers in the pipeline showed preclinical promise and could potentially improve sensitivity.Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 03/2013; 13(3):359-73. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Five to 10% of women with newly diagnosed breast cancer have synchronous metastases (de novo stage IV). A further 20% will develop metastases during follow-up (recurring stage IV). We compared the clinical outcomes of women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) receiving first-line trastuzumab-based therapy according to type of metastatic presentation. Retrospective analysis of 331 MBC patients receiving first-line trastuzumab-based treatment. Response rates (RR) were compared by the chi-square test. Time-to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) curves were compared by the log-rank test. Cox-proportional hazards models were used to study predictors of PFS and OS, including the type of metastatic presentation. Seventy-seven patients (23%) had de novo stage IV disease. Forty-six of these patients underwent surgery of the primary ("de novo/surgery"). Response rates to first-line trastuzumab-based therapy and median progression-free survival did not differ in patients with "recurring", "de novo/surgery" and "de novo" without surgery ("de novo/no surgery) stage IV breast cancer. However, women with "de novo/surgery" stage IV breast cancer had the longest median OS (60 months), and those with "de novo/no surgery" stage IV breast cancer the shortest (26 months). For women with recurring metastatic breast cancer median OS was 40 months (overall log-rank test, p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis confirmed these findings. Our analysis shows that response rates and PFS to first-line trastuzumab-based therapy do not differ significantly between de novo and recurring stage IV, HER2 positive breast cancer. The observed difference in OS favoring women with de novo stage IV disease submitted to surgery of the primary tumor could be the result of a selection bias.Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 11/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) for speculating the malignant level and prognostic value of operable breast cancers. METHODS: Of 578 consecutive patients with primary invasive breast cancer who underwent curative surgery between 2005 and 2010, 311 patients (53.8%) who received FDG-PET/CT before initial therapy were examined. RESULTS: Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis showed the cutoff value of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) to predict cancer recurrence was 3.8 in all patients and 8.6 in patients with the triple-negative subtype, respectively. In all patients, 3-year DFS rates were 98.8% for patients with a tumor of SUVmax ≤ 3.8 and 91.6% for patients with a tumor of SUVmax > 3.8 (p < 0.001). High value of SUVmax was significantly associated with large tumor size (p < 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.040), high nuclear grade (p < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.032), negative hormone receptor status (p < 0.001), and positive HER2 status (p = 0.014). Based on the results of multivariate Cox analysis in all patients, high SUVmax (p = 0.001) and negative hormone receptor status (p = 0.005) were significantly associated with poor prognosis. In patients with triple-negative subtype, 3-year DFS rates were 90.9% for patients with a tumor of SUVmax ≤ 8.6 and 42.9% for patients with a tumor of SUVmax > 8.6 (p = 0.002), and high SUVmax was the only significant independent prognostic factor (p = 0.047). CONCLUSION: FDG-PET/CT is useful for predicting malignant behavior and prognosis in patients with operable breast cancer, especially the triple-negative subtype.Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 06/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor