Tamponade precedes diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus.
ABSTRACT The most common cardiovascular manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is pericardial disease. Tamponade in SLE is rarely described. The patient discussed in this case report presented with symptoms of heart failure. Physical exam, laboratory testing, echocardiography, and right heart catheterization revealed multiple morbid conditions including tamponade. The diagnoses satisfied four criteria for the classification of SLE. This case emphasizes the importance of a thorough physical exam in guiding diagnostic and therapeutic measures.
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ABSTRACT: Pericarditis is a common complication in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, however, that causing congestive heart failure (CHF) is a rare initial manifestation of SLE. We treated a patient whose initial manifestation of SLE was pericardial effusion causing CHF, which improved following prednisolone therapy that led to a dramatic decrease in pericardial effusion and improvement in left ventricular diastolic dysfunction as shown in Doppler echocardiography findings. Further, the plasma brain natriuretic peptide level became normalized.International journal of cardiology 08/2007; 119(3):e71-3. · 6.18 Impact Factor