Self-Perceived Barriers to Activity Participation among Sedentary Adolescent Girls

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Medicine &amp Science in Sports &amp Exercise (Impact Factor: 3.98). 04/2006; 38(3):534-40. DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000189316.71784.dc
Source: PubMed


Potential barriers to activity participation were surveyed among adolescent girls and corroborated with other reported information.
Among 2379 black and white girls enrolled in the NHLBI Growth and Health Study since ages 9 or 10 yr, those reporting weekly activity frequency as "sometimes" or "rarely" were surveyed for three consecutive years from ages 16 or 17 yr. Barriers to activity were assessed using a 10-item questionnaire. Responses were cross-examined with other reported information. Race-specific longitudinal regression examined the impact of barrier scores on activity levels and also potential factors having an impact on barrier scores.
Approximately half of the cohort was screened as "sedentary" with a trend toward an increasing proportion with age. Lack of time was cited by 60% of sedentary girls as the leading barrier to activity participation for all 3 yr. Other frequently cited barriers to activity included "I'm too tired" and "They don't interest me." No differences were seen in hours at work or in household chores between those who cited lack of time and those who did not. Barrier score was a significant predictor of habitual activity scores. For both races, body mass index and "would rather do other things than exercise" were significant predictors of barriers, but work, parental education, TV watching, and childbirth were not significant.
Self-reported barriers to activity participation among sedentary girls were shown to be primarily internal and uncorrelated with other corresponding external factors.

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    • "The potential implications of questioning the existing paradigm are quite profound if found to be supported through further investigation. Numerous studies report the most commonly cited barriers to exercise participation include time availability as well as access to specialised equipment and/or facilities; such as travel time and costs etc. (Sallis et al., 2000; McCromack et al., 2004; Kimm et al., 2006; Daskapan et al., 2006; Gomez-Lopez et al., 2010). In light of the concept discussed herein, persons wishing to engage in exercise in order to improve the noted markers of health and fitness might be able to select from a wide range of potential exercise modalities in order to achieve this. "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper discusses and challenges the current opinion that exercise adaptation is generally defined by modality; resistance exercise (RE), or aerobic exercise (AE). In presenting a strong body of recent research which demonstrably challenges these perceptions we suggest alternate hypotheses towards physiological adaptation which is hinged more upon the effort than the exercise modality. Practical implications of this interpretation of exercise adaptation might effect change in exercise adherence since existing barriers to exercise of time, costs, specialized equipment, etc. become nullified. In presenting the evidence herein we suggest that lay persons wishing to attain the health and fitness (including strength and muscle hypertrophy) benefits of exercise can choose from a wide range of potential exercise modalities so long as the effort is high. Future research should consider this hypothesis by directly comparing RE and AE for acute responses and chronic adaptations.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 12/2014; 44. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2014-0119 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • "Both the questionnaire and interviews supported the concept of other hobbies or commitments taking priority over team sports, consistent with previous research [21, 35]. However, Biddle et al. previously suggested that, although girls may be completing other activities, there is an underlying explanation for this choice, that girls, from an early age, have been socialised into believing sports are not in their nature [27]. "
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    08/2013; 2013(3):738705. DOI:10.1155/2013/738705
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    • "Our findings coincide with other studies that have been done both with teenager secondary education students and university students. A proof of this is that the limitation of time has been the greatest obstacle in adolescent students (Grubbs and Carter, 2002; Gyurcsik et al., 2004; Kimm et al., 2006; Leslie et al., 2001; Wang et al., 2009). This was, in some cases, due to school tasks, social and family support and consequently the increase in responsibilities , self-esteem, tiredness, or just the lack of interest in physical exercise. "
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