Total antioxidant capacity in children with acute appendicitis.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Harran University School of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey.
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.84). 02/2006; 16(1):34-8. DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-923905
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study aimed to investigate antioxidant capacity by using a novel automated method in children with acute appendicitis.
Blood samples were obtained from consecutive patients with acute appendicitis (appendicitis group, n = 12) and acute abdominal pain due to non surgical disease (non-appendicitis group, n = 11), and from patients with inguinal hernia (healthy group, n = 12) as the control group. At admission, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels of plasma were evaluated in all patients by a method recently developed by Erel. Four other major individual plasma antioxidant components, the levels of total protein, albumin, uric acid and bilirubin, were also evaluated. Total antioxidant capacity in patients with acute appendicitis was statistically compared with the two other groups.
While the TAC level in the appendicitis group was significantly greater than in the non-appendicitis group, no significant difference was found in healthy groups (p < 0.05, p > 0.05, 1.94 +/- 0.38, 1.40 +/- 0.36, and 1.99 +/- 0.35 respectively). Individual components of total antioxidant capacity, i.e. total protein, albumin, uric acid and bilirubin concentrations, were also higher in the patients with acute appendicitis than those of the other two control groups.
Our data show that children with acute appendicitis do not have deficient blood plasma antioxidant capacity. These results provide evidence that acute appendicitis results in more induction of antioxidative response than non-surgical diseases.

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    ABSTRACT: The mechanisms involved in the pathology of acute appendicitis (AA) and the factors affecting the progression have still been investigated. Oxidative stress is one of the factors of interest. Nitric oxide (NO) and its role in AA has not been studied previously. Thirty-four patients who underwent operation with a perioperative diagnosis of AA and 16 age and sex-matched controls were included in the study. Serum thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), thiol groups (SH), NO metabolites (NO(x)), and conventional inflammation markers were determined. NO(x), TBARS, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, white blood cell (WBC) count, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were significantly higher, and total SH was significantly lower in AA than in control group. NO(x), TBARS, and SH levels were comparable in acute phlegmonous appendicitis and advanced appendicitis. There was a significant positive correlation between NO(x) and TBARS, CRP, ESR, WBC and a significant negative correlation between NO(x) and SH. Serum NO(x) levels and oxidative stress elevate in AA independent from the extent of the lesion. Increased NO may play a role in the increased oxidative stress in AA.
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